Echo-Doppler mitral flow monitoring

An operative tool to evaluate day-to-day tolerance to and effectiveness of beta-adrenergic blocking agent therapy in patients with chronic heart failure

Soccorso Capomolla, GianDomenico Pinna, Oreste Febo, Angelo Caporotondi, Giampaolo Guazzotti, Maria Teresa La Rovere, Marco Gnemmi, Andrea Mortara, Roberto Maestri, Franco Cobelli

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were: 1) to assess the predictive value of baseline mitral flow pattern (MFP) and its changes after loading manipulations as regards tolerance to and effectiveness of beta-adrenergic blocking agent treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF); and 2) to analyze the prognostic implications of chronic MFP modifications after beta-blocker treatment. BACKGROUND: In patients with CHF, carvedilol therapy induces clinical and hemodynamic improvements. Individual management, clinical effectiveness and prognostic implications, however, remain unclear. The MFP changes induced by loading manipulations provide independent prognostic information. METHODS: Echo-Doppler was performed at baseline and after loading manipulations in 116 consecutive patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction: 25 ± 7%); 54 patients with a baseline restrictive MFP were given nitroprusside infusion; 62 patients with a baseline nonrestrictive MFP performed passive leg lifting. According to changes in MFP, we identified four groups: 17 with irreversible restrictive MFP (Irr-rMFP), 37 with reversible restrictive MFP (Rev-rMFP), 12 with unstable nonrestrictive MFP (Un-nrMFP) and 50 with stable nonrestrictive MFP (Sta-nrMFP). Carvedilol therapy (44 ± 27 mg) was administered blind to results of loading maneuvers. After six months, MFP was reassessed and patients reclassified according to chronic MFP changes. During follow-up, tolerance to and effectiveness of treatment and major cardiac events (death, readmission and urgent transplantation) were considered. RESULTS: Changes of MFP after loading manipulations were more accurate than baseline MFP in predicting both tolerance to (p <0.01) and effectiveness of (p <0.05) carvedilol. After 26 ± 14 months of follow-up, cardiac events had occurred in 23/102 patients (23%). The event rate in patients with chronic Irr-rMFP or Un-nrMFP was markedly higher than it was in those with Rev-rMFP or Sta-nrMFP. CONCLUSIONS: In our patients, tolerance to and effectiveness of carvedilol was predicted better by echo-Doppler MFP changes after loading manipulations than by baseline MFP. Chronic changes of MFP after therapy are strong predictors of major cardiac events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1675-1684
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2001

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Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Heart Failure
Therapeutics
Nitroprusside
Stroke Volume
Leg
Transplantation
Hemodynamics
carvedilol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

@article{b5202b9cfcfb4b3c9ef5b34513c6b5f0,
title = "Echo-Doppler mitral flow monitoring: An operative tool to evaluate day-to-day tolerance to and effectiveness of beta-adrenergic blocking agent therapy in patients with chronic heart failure",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were: 1) to assess the predictive value of baseline mitral flow pattern (MFP) and its changes after loading manipulations as regards tolerance to and effectiveness of beta-adrenergic blocking agent treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF); and 2) to analyze the prognostic implications of chronic MFP modifications after beta-blocker treatment. BACKGROUND: In patients with CHF, carvedilol therapy induces clinical and hemodynamic improvements. Individual management, clinical effectiveness and prognostic implications, however, remain unclear. The MFP changes induced by loading manipulations provide independent prognostic information. METHODS: Echo-Doppler was performed at baseline and after loading manipulations in 116 consecutive patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction: 25 ± 7{\%}); 54 patients with a baseline restrictive MFP were given nitroprusside infusion; 62 patients with a baseline nonrestrictive MFP performed passive leg lifting. According to changes in MFP, we identified four groups: 17 with irreversible restrictive MFP (Irr-rMFP), 37 with reversible restrictive MFP (Rev-rMFP), 12 with unstable nonrestrictive MFP (Un-nrMFP) and 50 with stable nonrestrictive MFP (Sta-nrMFP). Carvedilol therapy (44 ± 27 mg) was administered blind to results of loading maneuvers. After six months, MFP was reassessed and patients reclassified according to chronic MFP changes. During follow-up, tolerance to and effectiveness of treatment and major cardiac events (death, readmission and urgent transplantation) were considered. RESULTS: Changes of MFP after loading manipulations were more accurate than baseline MFP in predicting both tolerance to (p <0.01) and effectiveness of (p <0.05) carvedilol. After 26 ± 14 months of follow-up, cardiac events had occurred in 23/102 patients (23{\%}). The event rate in patients with chronic Irr-rMFP or Un-nrMFP was markedly higher than it was in those with Rev-rMFP or Sta-nrMFP. CONCLUSIONS: In our patients, tolerance to and effectiveness of carvedilol was predicted better by echo-Doppler MFP changes after loading manipulations than by baseline MFP. Chronic changes of MFP after therapy are strong predictors of major cardiac events.",
author = "Soccorso Capomolla and GianDomenico Pinna and Oreste Febo and Angelo Caporotondi and Giampaolo Guazzotti and {La Rovere}, {Maria Teresa} and Marco Gnemmi and Andrea Mortara and Roberto Maestri and Franco Cobelli",
year = "2001",
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day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01609-6",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "1675--1684",
journal = "Journal of the American College of Cardiology",
issn = "0735-1097",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
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}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Echo-Doppler mitral flow monitoring

T2 - An operative tool to evaluate day-to-day tolerance to and effectiveness of beta-adrenergic blocking agent therapy in patients with chronic heart failure

AU - Capomolla, Soccorso

AU - Pinna, GianDomenico

AU - Febo, Oreste

AU - Caporotondi, Angelo

AU - Guazzotti, Giampaolo

AU - La Rovere, Maria Teresa

AU - Gnemmi, Marco

AU - Mortara, Andrea

AU - Maestri, Roberto

AU - Cobelli, Franco

PY - 2001/11/15

Y1 - 2001/11/15

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were: 1) to assess the predictive value of baseline mitral flow pattern (MFP) and its changes after loading manipulations as regards tolerance to and effectiveness of beta-adrenergic blocking agent treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF); and 2) to analyze the prognostic implications of chronic MFP modifications after beta-blocker treatment. BACKGROUND: In patients with CHF, carvedilol therapy induces clinical and hemodynamic improvements. Individual management, clinical effectiveness and prognostic implications, however, remain unclear. The MFP changes induced by loading manipulations provide independent prognostic information. METHODS: Echo-Doppler was performed at baseline and after loading manipulations in 116 consecutive patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction: 25 ± 7%); 54 patients with a baseline restrictive MFP were given nitroprusside infusion; 62 patients with a baseline nonrestrictive MFP performed passive leg lifting. According to changes in MFP, we identified four groups: 17 with irreversible restrictive MFP (Irr-rMFP), 37 with reversible restrictive MFP (Rev-rMFP), 12 with unstable nonrestrictive MFP (Un-nrMFP) and 50 with stable nonrestrictive MFP (Sta-nrMFP). Carvedilol therapy (44 ± 27 mg) was administered blind to results of loading maneuvers. After six months, MFP was reassessed and patients reclassified according to chronic MFP changes. During follow-up, tolerance to and effectiveness of treatment and major cardiac events (death, readmission and urgent transplantation) were considered. RESULTS: Changes of MFP after loading manipulations were more accurate than baseline MFP in predicting both tolerance to (p <0.01) and effectiveness of (p <0.05) carvedilol. After 26 ± 14 months of follow-up, cardiac events had occurred in 23/102 patients (23%). The event rate in patients with chronic Irr-rMFP or Un-nrMFP was markedly higher than it was in those with Rev-rMFP or Sta-nrMFP. CONCLUSIONS: In our patients, tolerance to and effectiveness of carvedilol was predicted better by echo-Doppler MFP changes after loading manipulations than by baseline MFP. Chronic changes of MFP after therapy are strong predictors of major cardiac events.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were: 1) to assess the predictive value of baseline mitral flow pattern (MFP) and its changes after loading manipulations as regards tolerance to and effectiveness of beta-adrenergic blocking agent treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF); and 2) to analyze the prognostic implications of chronic MFP modifications after beta-blocker treatment. BACKGROUND: In patients with CHF, carvedilol therapy induces clinical and hemodynamic improvements. Individual management, clinical effectiveness and prognostic implications, however, remain unclear. The MFP changes induced by loading manipulations provide independent prognostic information. METHODS: Echo-Doppler was performed at baseline and after loading manipulations in 116 consecutive patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction: 25 ± 7%); 54 patients with a baseline restrictive MFP were given nitroprusside infusion; 62 patients with a baseline nonrestrictive MFP performed passive leg lifting. According to changes in MFP, we identified four groups: 17 with irreversible restrictive MFP (Irr-rMFP), 37 with reversible restrictive MFP (Rev-rMFP), 12 with unstable nonrestrictive MFP (Un-nrMFP) and 50 with stable nonrestrictive MFP (Sta-nrMFP). Carvedilol therapy (44 ± 27 mg) was administered blind to results of loading maneuvers. After six months, MFP was reassessed and patients reclassified according to chronic MFP changes. During follow-up, tolerance to and effectiveness of treatment and major cardiac events (death, readmission and urgent transplantation) were considered. RESULTS: Changes of MFP after loading manipulations were more accurate than baseline MFP in predicting both tolerance to (p <0.01) and effectiveness of (p <0.05) carvedilol. After 26 ± 14 months of follow-up, cardiac events had occurred in 23/102 patients (23%). The event rate in patients with chronic Irr-rMFP or Un-nrMFP was markedly higher than it was in those with Rev-rMFP or Sta-nrMFP. CONCLUSIONS: In our patients, tolerance to and effectiveness of carvedilol was predicted better by echo-Doppler MFP changes after loading manipulations than by baseline MFP. Chronic changes of MFP after therapy are strong predictors of major cardiac events.

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JO - Journal of the American College of Cardiology

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