Echocardiographic approach in systemic autoimmune diseases

Maurizio Turiel, Luigi Gianturco, Daniele Stella, Fabiola Atzeni, Livio Tomasoni, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality are increased in systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) mainly due to chronic inflammation that promotes the development of endothelial dysfunction and accelerated atherosclerosis. Therefore, it is very important to make an early diagnosis of silent CV involvement to improve prognosis of these patients. In this scenery, ultrasound techniques can be considered the best diagnostic tool to reach these objectives. Transthoracic echocardiography, with several applications (e.g. coronary flow reserve evaluation, tissue Doppler imaging, speckle tracking etc.), represents a first line evaluation. Objectives: In this review we provide a brief but complete review of echocardiographic techniques available for screening and follow-up of CV involvement in SADs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-156
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Echography
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Cardiovascular involvement
  • Coronary flow reserve
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Systemic autoimmune diseases
  • Transthoracic echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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