Echocardiographic left ventricular mass assessment: Correlation between 2D-derived linear dimensions and 3-dimensional automated, machine learning-based methods in unselected patients

Andrea Barbieri, Francesca Bursi, Giovanni Camaioni, Anna Maisano, Jacopo Francesco Imberti, Alessandro Albini, Gerardo De Mitri, Francesca Mantovani, Giuseppe Boriani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A recently developed algorithm for 3D analysis based on machine learning (ML) principles detects left ventricular (LV) mass without any human interaction. We retrospectively studied the correlation between 2D-derived linear dimensions using the ASE/EACVI-recommended formula and 3D automated, ML-based methods (Philips HeartModel) regarding LV mass quantification in unselected patients undergoing echocardiography. We included 130 patients (mean age 60 ± 18 years; 45% women). There was only discrete agreement between 2D and 3D measurements of LV mass (r = 0.662, r2 = 0.348, p < 0.001). The automated algorithm yielded an overestimation of LV mass compared to the linear method (Bland–Altman positive bias of 13.1 g with 95% limits of the agreement at 4.5 to 21.6 g, p = 0.003, ICC 0.78 (95%CI 0.68−8.4). There was a significant proportional bias (Beta −0.22, t = −2.9) p = 0.005, the variance of the difference varied across the range of LV mass. When the published cut-offs for LV mass abnormality were used, the observed proportion of overall agreement was 77% (kappa = 0.32, p < 0.001). In consecutive patients undergoing echocardiography for any indications, LV mass assessment by 3D analysis using a novel ML-based algorithm showed systematic differences and wide limits of agreements compared with quantification by ASE/EACVI-recommended formula when the current cut-offs and partition values were applied.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1279
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2 2021

Keywords

  • 2D echocardiography
  • 3D echocardiography
  • Left ventricular mass
  • Machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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