Ultrasonography (US) is the method of choice in the study of normal soft tissue patterns thanks to its intrinsic features. The exam must be performed following strict directions relative to US units (last-generation), to probes (high-frequency, high axial and lateral resolution, focusing), the type of scan (orthogonal and oblique scans), the use of silicon pads. Exam reporting and the exact knowledge of possible image artifacts are of the utmost importance. Normal patterns in the skin, subcutaneous tissue, striate muscles, tendons and bursae, nerves, vessels and bone are reported and correlated with the corresponding US patterns in pathologic conditions. In inflammatory processes, muscles and tendons exhibit blurred, irregular and poorly-defined outlines; neither the anatomical structures nor the tissues nearby are infiltrated. Similar patterns are observed in some benign tumors, while in malignant lesions soft tissue echostructure is more or less alterated and the adjacent tissues are infiltrated. Color-Doppler US yields morphologic and functional information as to pathologic vascularization; typical findings, similar to those obtained by means of angiography, are seen in malignant lesions.
|Translated title of the contribution||Echography in the study of periskeletal soft tissues: technique, normal and pathologic pictures|
|Number of pages||13|
|Issue number||5 Suppl 1|
|Publication status||Published - May 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging