ECM Remodeling in Breast Cancer with Different Grade: Contribution of 2D-DIGE Proteomics

Manuela Moriggi, Marta Giussani, Enrica Torretta, Daniele Capitanio, Marco Sandri, Roberta Leone, Sara De Palma, Michele Vasso, Giovanni Vozzi, Elda Tagliabue, Cecilia Gelfi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a pivotal role in outcome of breast cancer (BC) patients. Overexpression of 58 genes, encoding 43 structural ECM proteins, has been identified to determine a specific cluster of BC with accelerated metastatic potential only in the undifferentiated (grade III) phenotype. The scope of this study is to characterize protein repertoire able to predict patient outcome in BC according to ECM gene expression pattern and histological grade. The differential proteomic analysis is based on 2D-differential gel electrophoresis, MALDI-MS, bioinformatics, and immunoblotting. Results suggest a relationship among ECM remodeling, signal mechanotransduction, and metabolic rewiring in BCs characterized by a specific mRNA ECM signature and identified a set of dysregulated proteins characteristic of hormone receptors expression as fibrinogen-β chain, collagen α-1(VI) chain, and α-1B-glycoprotein. Furthermore, in triple negative tumors with ECM signature, the FGG and α5β1/αvβ3 integrins increase whereas detyrosinated α-tubulin and mimecan decrease leading to unorganized integrin presentation involving focal adhesion kinase, activation of Rho GTPases associated to epithelial mesenchymal transition. In hormone receptors negative BCs characterized by a specific ECM gene cluster, the differentially regulated proteins, identified in the present study, can be potentially relevant to predict patient's outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1800278
JournalProteomics
Volume18
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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Moriggi, M., Giussani, M., Torretta, E., Capitanio, D., Sandri, M., Leone, R., De Palma, S., Vasso, M., Vozzi, G., Tagliabue, E., & Gelfi, C. (2018). ECM Remodeling in Breast Cancer with Different Grade: Contribution of 2D-DIGE Proteomics. Proteomics, 18(24), e1800278. https://doi.org/10.1002/pmic.201800278