Ectopic breast cancer: Case report and review of the literature

Elisa Francone, Marco J. Nathan, Federica Murelli, Maria Santina Bruno, Enrico Traverso, Daniele Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ectopic breast tissue comes in two forms: supernumerary and aberrant. Despite morphologic differences, ectopic breast tissue presents characteristics analogous to orthotopic breast tissue in terms of function and, most importantly, pathologic degeneration. Data in the literature concerning its precise incidence, the probability of malignant degeneration, and its standardized management are scarce and controversial. This study selected more than 100 years of literature, and this report discusses a case of ectopic breast cancer treatment, suggesting novel therapeutic advice that could bring considerable clinical advantages, improve cosmetic results, and reduce the psychological impact on patients. Level of Evidence V: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-749
Number of pages4
JournalAesthetic Plastic Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • Breast cancer
  • Ectopic breast
  • Extra nipple
  • Supernumerary breast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)


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