EDIN Scale Implemented by Gestational Age for Pain Assessment in Preterms: A Prospective Study

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Abstract

Background. Chronic neonatal pain can lead to long-term adverse effects on the immature brain. EDIN scale for prolonged pain might not be fully suitable for premature infants. We aimed to test a modified EDIN scale, adding postmenstrual age (PMA) as a sixth item (EDIN6). Methods. In a two-phase prospective study, pain was assessed in all neonates admitted in our NICU. In T1 EDIN was applied; in T2 EDIN6 with additional scores of 2, 1, and 0, respectively, for 25-32, 33-37, and >37 weeks PCA was tested. Scores > 6 suggested pain. The nursing staff was given a questionnaire to evaluate EDIN and EDIN6. Results. A total of 15960 pain assessments were recorded (8693 in T1; 7267 in T2). With EDIN6, cumulative detection of pain almost tripled (117/7267 versus 52/8693, p=0.001). Main differences were found among less mature categories (50/1472 versus 17/1734, p=0.001 in PCA 25-32; 26/2606 versus 10/4335, p=0.001 in PMA 33-37; 41/3189 versus 25/2624, p=0.26 in PMA > 37). Adequacy of pain assessment in lower PMA was judged "medium-high" in 13,4% of nurses in T1 and 71,4% in T2. Conclusions. EDIN6 may allow improved evaluation of pain in preterm infants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9253710
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Nursing
Pain Measurement
Gestational Age
Brain
Prospective Studies
Pain
Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis
Premature Infants
Nursing Staff
Chronic Pain
Nurses
Newborn Infant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

@article{e004fee2e1a04e5ba6d18276538059f7,
title = "EDIN Scale Implemented by Gestational Age for Pain Assessment in Preterms: A Prospective Study",
abstract = "Background. Chronic neonatal pain can lead to long-term adverse effects on the immature brain. EDIN scale for prolonged pain might not be fully suitable for premature infants. We aimed to test a modified EDIN scale, adding postmenstrual age (PMA) as a sixth item (EDIN6). Methods. In a two-phase prospective study, pain was assessed in all neonates admitted in our NICU. In T1 EDIN was applied; in T2 EDIN6 with additional scores of 2, 1, and 0, respectively, for 25-32, 33-37, and >37 weeks PCA was tested. Scores > 6 suggested pain. The nursing staff was given a questionnaire to evaluate EDIN and EDIN6. Results. A total of 15960 pain assessments were recorded (8693 in T1; 7267 in T2). With EDIN6, cumulative detection of pain almost tripled (117/7267 versus 52/8693, p=0.001). Main differences were found among less mature categories (50/1472 versus 17/1734, p=0.001 in PCA 25-32; 26/2606 versus 10/4335, p=0.001 in PMA 33-37; 41/3189 versus 25/2624, p=0.26 in PMA > 37). Adequacy of pain assessment in lower PMA was judged {"}medium-high{"} in 13,4{\%} of nurses in T1 and 71,4{\%} in T2. Conclusions. EDIN6 may allow improved evaluation of pain in preterm infants.",
author = "G. Raffaeli and G. Cristofori and B. Befani and {De Carli}, A. and G. Cavallaro and M. Fumagalli and L. Plevani and F. Mosca",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1155/2017/9253710",
language = "English",
volume = "2017",
journal = "BioMed Research International",
issn = "2314-6133",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - EDIN Scale Implemented by Gestational Age for Pain Assessment in Preterms

T2 - A Prospective Study

AU - Raffaeli, G.

AU - Cristofori, G.

AU - Befani, B.

AU - De Carli, A.

AU - Cavallaro, G.

AU - Fumagalli, M.

AU - Plevani, L.

AU - Mosca, F.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background. Chronic neonatal pain can lead to long-term adverse effects on the immature brain. EDIN scale for prolonged pain might not be fully suitable for premature infants. We aimed to test a modified EDIN scale, adding postmenstrual age (PMA) as a sixth item (EDIN6). Methods. In a two-phase prospective study, pain was assessed in all neonates admitted in our NICU. In T1 EDIN was applied; in T2 EDIN6 with additional scores of 2, 1, and 0, respectively, for 25-32, 33-37, and >37 weeks PCA was tested. Scores > 6 suggested pain. The nursing staff was given a questionnaire to evaluate EDIN and EDIN6. Results. A total of 15960 pain assessments were recorded (8693 in T1; 7267 in T2). With EDIN6, cumulative detection of pain almost tripled (117/7267 versus 52/8693, p=0.001). Main differences were found among less mature categories (50/1472 versus 17/1734, p=0.001 in PCA 25-32; 26/2606 versus 10/4335, p=0.001 in PMA 33-37; 41/3189 versus 25/2624, p=0.26 in PMA > 37). Adequacy of pain assessment in lower PMA was judged "medium-high" in 13,4% of nurses in T1 and 71,4% in T2. Conclusions. EDIN6 may allow improved evaluation of pain in preterm infants.

AB - Background. Chronic neonatal pain can lead to long-term adverse effects on the immature brain. EDIN scale for prolonged pain might not be fully suitable for premature infants. We aimed to test a modified EDIN scale, adding postmenstrual age (PMA) as a sixth item (EDIN6). Methods. In a two-phase prospective study, pain was assessed in all neonates admitted in our NICU. In T1 EDIN was applied; in T2 EDIN6 with additional scores of 2, 1, and 0, respectively, for 25-32, 33-37, and >37 weeks PCA was tested. Scores > 6 suggested pain. The nursing staff was given a questionnaire to evaluate EDIN and EDIN6. Results. A total of 15960 pain assessments were recorded (8693 in T1; 7267 in T2). With EDIN6, cumulative detection of pain almost tripled (117/7267 versus 52/8693, p=0.001). Main differences were found among less mature categories (50/1472 versus 17/1734, p=0.001 in PCA 25-32; 26/2606 versus 10/4335, p=0.001 in PMA 33-37; 41/3189 versus 25/2624, p=0.26 in PMA > 37). Adequacy of pain assessment in lower PMA was judged "medium-high" in 13,4% of nurses in T1 and 71,4% in T2. Conclusions. EDIN6 may allow improved evaluation of pain in preterm infants.

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