EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopaenia: A 12-month epidemiological study

A. Vicari, G. Banfi, P. A. Bonini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The phenomenon of in vitro platelet clumping and consequent pseudothrombocytopaenia in the presence of EDTA has been studied in 33,623 subjects referring to a general hospital in a 1-year period. The observed frequency was 0.13% EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopaenia (PTP) was suspected when a routine blood counting by the Coulter S-Plus IV/D showed a peculiar leucocyte histogram and pseudoleucocytosis. Confirmation was obtained by the manual count and by the finding of platelet aggregates in a stained blood smear. EDTA-dependent PTP was diagnosed when the platelet number and the morphological examination of blood anticoagulated with sodium citrate from the same patient were normal. EDTA-dependent PTP was found in 23 subjects aged from 19 to 79 years (0.068% of the study population): 17 were patients suffering from miscellaneous diseases, while six were apparently healthy. As a rule, platelet clumping was evident within 60 minutes from blood collection, but a longer latency (2-3 h) was observed in a few cases. EDTA-dependent PTP is a rare, but misleading phenomenon, the recognition of which is important in order to avoid expensive and potentially harmful procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Keywords

  • Coulter S-Plus IV/D
  • EDTA
  • Pseudoleucocytosis
  • Pseudothrombocytopaenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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