Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the western world. Unfortunately, its therapy is largely palliative, the key aims of treatment being to reduce exacerbations, minimise symptoms, and improve patients' ability to perform their usual daily activities. In the absence of true disease-modifying treatments, the concept of rehabilitation has become important. In addition, it has been shown that educational and self-management programmes may play a role in the general treatment of COPD patients. This study was promoted by the Italian Association of Hospital Pulmonologists (AIPO) with the aim to verify changes and improvements induced by an educational programme validated by AIPO in patients with COPD. Edu-Care is a 6-month, multicentre, randomised, controlled, parallel-group study. In addition to treatment within the usual therapeutic schemes for COPD, patients were randomised to either the 'Educational' group, i.e. to receive a formal and structured educational programme, or the 'Normal General Advice' group, i.e. to receive the usual general advice given by general practitioners on life-style and on the disease's risk factors and treatment. A number of evaluations were performed: pulmonary function test, walking distance, quality of life, locus of control, register of number of exacerbations and hospital admissions. To date, of the 1,230 patients enrolled interim data are available from 1,003 patients. Males represent 85% of the study population. Smoking habit is quite a common status (21%). In the year prior to enrolment 34% of patients had one exacerbation, 49% 2-3 exacerbations, and 17% more than 3 exacerbations. Seventy-two percent of patients were not hospitalised over the year prior to enroLlment, while 22% were hospitalised once and 6% had more than 2 hospitalisations. Edu-Care is the first large study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an educational programme for patients with COPD. AIPO wishes to make a contribution to this important field. This is the reason why Edu-Care includes a very large number of patients in numerous Italian centres throughout northern and southern Italy.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine