Education, occupation, and prevalence of dementia: Findings from the Conselice Study

Giovanni Ravaglia, Paola Forti, Fabiola Maioli, Loredana Sacchetti, Erminia Mariani, Valeria Nativio, Teresa Talerico, Chiara Vettori, Pier Luigi Macini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Information about the epidemiology of dementia in Italy is still limited, although this cognitive disorder represents a serious public health concern. We estimated the prevalence of dementia and dementia subtypes in the elderly population of a Northern Italian municipality, Conselice, in the Emilia Romagna region (n = 1,016 subjects aged 65-97 years). The associations of dementia with two modifiable risk factors, education and occupation, were also evaluated. Overall dementia prevalence was 5.9% (95% confidence interval 4.3-7.8), exponentially increased with age, and was higher among women. Of the dementia cases, 50% were Alzheimer's disease (AD), but an unusually high prevalence (45%) was found for vascular dementia (VD). After adjustment for age and gender, education but not occupation was associated with both AD and VD. This association could not be explained by occupation, life habits, and previous history of hypertension or cardiovascular disease. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Alzheimer dementia
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Dementia risk factors
  • Vascular dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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