Educational interventions for promoting food literacy and patient engagement in preventing complications of type 2 diabetes: A systematic review

M. Savarese, M. Sapienza, G. M. Acquati, M. C. Nurchis, M. T. Riccardi, V. Mastrilli, R. D’elia, E. A. Graps, G. Graffigna, G. Damiani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The present review aims to map the current literature on educational interventions to promote food literacy in type 2 diabetes, with a particular focus on the concept of patient engagement. The systematic review was implemented on five databases with no restrictions on the publication year. The studies selected for the review were focused on patients with type 2 diabetes, ranging from 2003 to 2021 and published in 13 countries (44% USA). Thirty-three articles were analyzed. Twenty-seven articles targeted singular patients; fifteen articles conceptualized patient engagement as self-management. In seven articles, the provider is a multidisciplinary team. Twenty articles did not report a theoretical framework in the intervention development, and eleven did not use an intervention material. Twenty-six articles did not use a technology proxy. Outcome categories were narratively mapped into four areas: clinical, psychological, behavioral, and literacy. To date, most of the interventions are heterogeneous in the adopted methodology, measures, and outcomes considered. More attention should be given to the psychosocial characterization of patient engagement as well as the technological support. High-quality, randomized controlled trials and longitudinal studies are lacking and need to be conducted to verify the efficacy of these insights.

Original languageEnglish
Article number795
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Chronic disease
  • Diabetes intervention
  • Food literacy
  • Patient engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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