EEC- and ADULT-Associated TP63 Mutations Exhibit Functional Heterogeneity Toward P63 Responsive Sequences

Paola Monti, Debora Russo, Renata Bocciardi, Giorgia Foggetti, Paola Menichini, Maria T. Divizia, Margherita Lerone, Claudio Graziano, Anita Wischmeijer, Hector Viadiu, Roberto Ravazzolo, Alberto Inga, Gilberto Fronza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

TP63 germ-line mutations are responsible for a group of human ectodermal dysplasia syndromes, underlining the key role of P63 in the development of ectoderm-derived tissues. Here, we report the identification of two TP63 alleles, G134V (p.Gly173Val) and insR155 (p.Thr193_Tyr194insArg), associated to ADULT and EEC syndromes, respectively. These alleles, along with previously identified G134D (p.Gly173Asp) and R204W (p.Arg243Trp), were functionally characterized in yeast, studied in a mammalian cell line and modeled based on the crystal structure of the P63 DNA-binding domain. Although the p.Arg243Trp mutant showed both complete loss of transactivation function and ability to interfere over wild-type P63, the impact of p.Gly173Asp, p.Gly173Val, and p.Thr193_Tyr194insArg varied depending on the response element (RE) tested. Interestingly, p.Gly173Asp and p.Gly173Val mutants were characterized by a severe defect in transactivation along with interfering ability on two DN-P63α-specific REs derived from genes closely related to the clinical manifestations of the TP63-associated syndromes, namely PERP and COL18A1. The modeling of the mutations supported the distinct functional effect of each mutant. The present results highlight the importance of integrating different functional endpoints that take in account the features of P63 proteins' target sequences to examine the impact of TP63 mutations and the associated clinical variability. Germline TP63 mutations are responsible for a group of human ectodermal dysplasia syndromes. Different TP63 alleles identified in ADULT and EEC patients were functionally characterized in yeast, studied in a mammalian cell line and modeled based on the crystal structure of the P63 DNA-binding domain. Interestingly, the mutants associated with the ADULT phenotype were characterized by a severe defect in transactivation on DN-P63α-specific response elements derived from genes closely related to the clinical manifestations of the TP63-associated syndromes, namely PERP and COL18A1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894-904
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Ectodermal dysplasia
  • TP63
  • Transactivation
  • Yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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