"EEG-basierende Kommunikation" - Ein neues Konzept zur rehabilitativen Unterstützung von Patienten mit schwerer motorischer Beeinträchtigung

Translated title of the contribution: EEG-Based Communication - A New Concept for Rehabilitative Support in Patients with Severe Motor Impairment

C. Neuper, G. R. Müller, P. Staiger-Sälzer, D. Skliris, A. Kübler, N. Birbaumer, Gert Pfurtscheller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper describes a paralyzed patient diagnosed with severe infantile cerebral palsy, trained over a period of several months to use an EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI) for verbal communication. The patient learned to "produce" two distinct EEG patterns by mental imagery and to use this skill for BCI-controlled spelling. The EEG feedback training was conducted at a clinic for Assisted Communications, supervised from a distant laboratory with the help of a telemonitoring system. As a function of training sessions significant learning progress was found, resulting in an average accuracy level of 70% correct responses for letter selection. At present, "copy spelling" can be performed with a rate of approximately one letter per minute. The proposed communication device, the "Virtual Keyboard", may improve actual levels of communication ability in completely paralyzed patients. "Telemonitoring-assisted" training facilitates clinical application in a larger number of patients.

Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalRehabilitation
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

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Keywords

  • Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Communication device
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Telemonitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Neuper, C., Müller, G. R., Staiger-Sälzer, P., Skliris, D., Kübler, A., Birbaumer, N., & Pfurtscheller, G. (2003). "EEG-basierende Kommunikation" - Ein neues Konzept zur rehabilitativen Unterstützung von Patienten mit schwerer motorischer Beeinträchtigung. Rehabilitation, 42(6), 371-377. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2003-812543