EEG-informed fMRI analysis during a hand grip task: Estimating the relationship between EEG rhythms and the BOLD signal

Roberta Sclocco, Maria G. Tana, Elisa Visani, Isabella Gilioli, Ferruccio Panzica, Silvana Franceschetti, Sergio Cerutti, Anna M. Bianchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the last decade, an increasing interest has arisen in investigating the relationship between the electrophysiological and hemodynamic measurements of brain activity, such as EEG and (BOLD) fMRI. In particular, changes in BOLD have been shown to be associated with changes in the spectral profile of neural activity, rather than with absolute power. Concurrently, recent findings showed that different EEG rhythms are independently related to changes in the BOLD signal: therefore, it would be also important to distinguish between the contributions of the different EEG rhythms to BOLD fluctuations when modeling the relationship between the two signals. Here we propose a method to perform EEG-informed fMRI analysis where the changes in the spectral profile are modeled, and, at the same time, the distinction between rhythms is preserved. We compared our model with two other frequency-dependent regressors modeling using simultaneous EEG-fMRI data from healthy subjects performing a motor task. Our results showed that the proposed method better captures the correlations between BOLD signal and EEG rhythms modulations, identifying task-related, well localized activated volumes. Furthermore, we showed that including among the regressors also EEG rhythms not primarily involved in the task enhances the performance of the analysis, even when only correlations with BOLD signal and specific EEG rhythms are explored.

Original languageEnglish
Article number186
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Issue number1 APR
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2014


  • Alpha rhythm
  • Beta rhythm
  • BOLD
  • EEG-fMRI
  • GLM
  • Motor task
  • Neural correlates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology


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