Effect of 2,6-diisopropylphenol on the delayed hippocampal cell loss following transient forebrain ischemia in the gerbil

Francesca A. Arcadi, Antonio Rapisarda, Roberto De Luca, Giuseppe R. Trimarchi, Giovanni Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the protective activity of 2,6-diisopropylphenol on mortality and delayed hippocampal cell death induced by transient cerebral ischemia in the gerbil. Forebrain ischemia was produced by bilaterally occluding the common carotid arteries for 10 minutes; then the blood supply to the brain was restored. The number of survivors was counted for 8 days, and the histopathological damage in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was scored according to the semiquantitative scale of Rudolphi and Colleagues. When intraperitoneally injected immediately after the ischemic attack, 2,6-diisopropylphenol (25, 50, 100 mg kg-1) produced no significant reduction in the rate of mortality in comparison with its vehicle. However, the survivors that had received the compound at the dose of 50 and 100 mg kg-1 elicited a significant increase in the number of viable pyramidal cells in the CA1hippocampal region. Moreover, we obtained similar results by injecting the compound 30 minutes after the release of the carotid artery occlusion. These results suggest that 2,6-diisopropylphenol, although it does not show any capability of improving the rate of survival, it elicits protective properties against the transient forebrain ischemia-induced delayed hippocampal neuronal death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-970
Number of pages10
JournalLife Sciences
Volume58
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 16 1996

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Gerbillinae
Propofol
Prosencephalon
Ischemia
Survivors
Mortality
Pyramidal Cells
Common Carotid Artery
Transient Ischemic Attack
Cell death
Carotid Arteries
Hippocampus
Brain
Blood
Cell Death
Survival Rate

Keywords

  • Delayed neuronal death
  • Propofol
  • Transient forebrain ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Effect of 2,6-diisopropylphenol on the delayed hippocampal cell loss following transient forebrain ischemia in the gerbil. / Arcadi, Francesca A.; Rapisarda, Antonio; De Luca, Roberto; Trimarchi, Giuseppe R.; Costa, Giovanni.

In: Life Sciences, Vol. 58, No. 12, 16.02.1996, p. 961-970.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arcadi, Francesca A. ; Rapisarda, Antonio ; De Luca, Roberto ; Trimarchi, Giuseppe R. ; Costa, Giovanni. / Effect of 2,6-diisopropylphenol on the delayed hippocampal cell loss following transient forebrain ischemia in the gerbil. In: Life Sciences. 1996 ; Vol. 58, No. 12. pp. 961-970.
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