Effect of 5-HT1A agonists on stress-induced deficit in open field locomotor activity of rats: Evidence that this model identifies anxiolytic-like activity

M. Carli, C. Prontera, R. Samanin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deficits in locomotion and exploratory behaviour in an open field were induced in rats by restraint for 2 hr, 23 hr before testing. Diazepam, 0.62 and 1.25 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.), 15 min before testing, reversed the stress-induced reduction in locomotion; 1.25 mg/kg also attenuated the effect of stress on exploration (rearing and object exploring). Diazepam did not affect the activity of controls. A putative anxiogenic compound, pyrazoloquinoline (CGS 8216, 10 mg/kg administered 30min before testing), also markedly reduced locomotion and exploration and the effect was reversed by 2.5 mg/kg diazepam, 15min before testing. Buspirone, 0.1 mg/kg subcutaneously (s.c.) 15 min before testing, significantly attenuated the effect of stress on locomotion and exploration but had no effect in controls. Larger doses (0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg) markedly reduced the behavioural measures in controls and did not modify or enhance the effect of stress. 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg (s.c.), 1 hr before testing, significantly attenuated the reduction in locomotion without affecting rearing and object-exploring in stressed rats. At doses from 0.125 to 0.5 mg/kg, 8-OH-DPAT reduced exploration in control rats. Two hr after restraint (corresponding to 21 hr before testing in the open field) 8-OH-DPAT, 0.125 to 2 mg/kg (s.c.), did not modify the open field deficits, caused by stress. In these treatment conditions, 0.5 and 2 mg/kg 8-OH-DPAT reduced locomotion and exploration in control rats. Desipramine (10 mg/kg i.p.), given by an acute (1 hr before testing) or chronic (once daily for 14 days, last injection 1 hr before testing) treatment schedule, did not modify the effect of stress on locomotion and exploration in the open field, whereas a single dose of 10 mg/kg of desipramine reduced these measures in control rats. The results suggest that the stress-induced deficit in locomotor activity of rats in the open field offers a model for identifying anxiolytic-like activity ofserotonuiiA receptor agonists, in addition to diazepam.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-476
Number of pages6
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Keywords

  • 5-HT receptor agonists
  • 8-OH-DPAT
  • anxiolytie activity
  • buspirone
  • locomotor activity
  • open field
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology

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