Effect of a bifunctional monoclonal antibody directed against a tumor marker and doxorubicin on the growth of epidermoid vulvar carcinoma grafted in athymic mice

D. Morelli, S. Ménard, B. Pozzi, A. Balsari, M. I. Colnaghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Even though the first monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against tumor cells were produced 15 yr ago, the therapeutic application of immunoconjugates is still at the beginning. This is principally because of the enormous work that is required for the development of completely new therapeutic tools. An alternative could be to only use MAbs to improve conventional treatment such as chemotherapy. To this aim, a MAb directed against doxorubicin (DXR) was produced. DXR is an anthracycline antibiotic of which the clinical usefulness in cancer chemotherapy is limited by serious side effects, such as cardiomyopathy, bone marrow depression, and gastrointestinal tract mocositis. This toxicity was found to be reduced by treatment with the antidrug MAb, as shown by reduction in body weight loss and mortality of experimental mice. To improve the DXR therapeutic index, a bifunctional hybrid MAb (DOXER2), capable of simultaneously recognizing DXR and the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, was produced. This reagent was found in vitro to increase the drug toxicity on the epidermoid carcinoma cell line A431, which overexpresses the EGF-R and, at the same time, to reduce DXR cytotoxicity on EGF-R negative cells. The effect of DOXER2 on the DXR biodistribution in vivo was also investigated. In mice previously injected ip with the DOXER2, the uptake of the drug, in comparison to the control group, was found to be reduced in the intestine and in myocardial tissue, and significantly increased in the tumor. The alteration in the drug distribution induced in mice by administration of the DOXER2 could prevent the drug from reaching critical toxic concentrations at sites such as the intestine and heart, which are the main targets of early anthracycline toxic effects. In conclusion, the data so far obtained show that this bifunctional MAb appears to be able to deliver the drug selectively to a tumor that overexpresses the EGF-R maintaining the capability to reduce DXR cytotoxicity on normal cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalCell Biophysics
Volume24-25
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1994

Keywords

  • anthracycline treatment
  • antidotal effect
  • Bispecific monoclonal antibody
  • drug biodistribution
  • in vitro cytotoxicity
  • tumor growth inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Biophysics

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