Effect of a lipid-lowering nutraceutical on pulse-wave-velocity in hypercholesterolemic patients with or without chronic kidney disease

Arrigo F G Cicero, Angelo Parini, Martina Rosticci, Barbara Brancaleoni, Giuseppe Derosa, Elisa Grandi, Claudio Borghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The recent literature has put a large interest on nutraceuticals with lipid lowering activity for the management of moderate cholesterolemia in subjects with mildly increased cardiovascular disease risk. The aim of our study was to evaluate the middle-term effect of a combined lipid-lowering nutraceutical on lipid parameters and aortic stiffness. For this study we consecutively enrolled 40 moderately hypercholesterolemic outpatients with mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 40 cross-matched hypercholesterolemic subjects without CKD. All the patient were treated daily with a combined nutraceutical containing red yeast rice (3 mg monacolin K) and berberine (500 mg). At the baseline and after 6 months of treatment we measured blood pressure, pulse wave velocity (PWV) and ematochemistry parameters. No significant change has been observed during the study in both groups regarding body mass index, blood pressure, liver transaminases, creatinin-phosfokinase and eGFR. In non CKD patients TC improved by (-21,6%), LDL-Cholesterol by (-24,2%), non HDL-Cholesterol (-24,0%) and TG (- 20,8%). In CKD patients TC improved by (-21,1%), LDL-Cholesterol by (-23,7%), non HDL-Cholesterol (-23,9%) and TG (- 20,4%). No difference among groups has been observed regarding the effects on lipid metabolism. The PWV has significantly improved in both groups (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-22
Number of pages5
JournalOpen Hypertension Journal
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Berberine
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Dietary supplements
  • Nutraceuticals
  • Pulse Wave Velocity
  • Red Yeast Rice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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