Effect of acetyl-l-carnitine treatment on brain adenylate cyclase activity in young and aged rats

Tullio Florio, Olimpia Meucci, Maurizio Grimaldi, Carmelo Ventra, Eleonora Cocozza, Antonio Avallone, Alfredo Postiglione, Adriano Marino, Gennaro Schettini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of the present study has been to evaluate the effect of acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) on brain adenylate cyclase (AC) activity in adult and aged rats. In in vitro studies, ALCAR (1, 10 and 100 μM) did not exert any effect on frontal cortex basal AC activity. Acute and subchronic administrations of ALCAR were carried out in 4- and 25-month-old male Fisher rats and AC activity was determined in rat frontal cortex under both basal and stimulated conditions. The acute treatment of young rats with ALCAR (100 and 500 mg/kg s.c.) did not affect AC activity, whereas the subchronic administration of 250 mg/kg s.c. ALCAR enhanced the stimulation of AC by carbamylcholine (CCh), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA), without affecting the basal AC activity. Basal AC activity in old rats was lower than in young rats and was not modified by acute and subchronic ALCAR administration. Moreover, the response of the enzyme to CCh, NE and DA was potentiated by the subchronic administration of ALCAR. The concentration-response curve of CCh stimulation of AC activity in ALCAR-treated rats is shifted to the left in both young and aged rats. We conclude that ALCAR, subchronically administered, is able to enhance receptor-stimulated AC response in frontal cortex of both young and aged rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychology(all)


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