Purpose: To evaluate the effect of previous adjuvant chemotherapy with or without anthracyclines on overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and objective response (OR) rates of metastatic breast cancer patients treated with cyclophosphamide, epidoxorubicin, and fluorouracil (CEF) as first-line chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: Three-hundred twenty-six assessable metastatic breast cancer patients entered onto four consecutive randomized trials performed in our institution and North-West Oncology Group (GONO) cooperative centers from 1983 to 1994. Patients received CEF-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy and were then evaluated. One hundred forty-four patients (44%) did not receive previous adjuvant chemotherapy, and 143 (44%) and 39 (12%) patients received cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF)-based and anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy, respectively. Results: ORs to CEF chemotherapy were observed in 161 patients (49.4%). On univariate analysis, patients who had received prior adjuvant chemotherapy had a significantly lower probability of response than patients who did not: 43% versus 58% (P = .02). No difference between CMF-based (OR rate, 43%) and anthracycline-based (OR rate, 44%) adjuvant chemotherapy was observed. Stepwise logistic regression analysis indicated that adjuvant chemotherapy (P = .005), bone as dominant metastatic site (P = .02), and previous hormonotherapy for metastatic disease (P = .005) were the most important factors in predicting a poor OR rate. The median PFS and OS times of the whole group were 9.8 and 17.9 months, respectively. Patients who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy had a longer survival time (21.1 months) compared with patients previously treated with CMF-based (15.3 months) or anthracycline-based (15.8 months) adjuvant chemotherapy. Multivariate analysis confirmed adjuvant chemotherapy to be among the strongest prognostic factors associated with both a poor PFS and OS. Conclusion: Previous adjuvant chemotherapy adversely affects OR, PFS, and OS in metastatic breast cancer patients treated with the CEF regimen as first-line chemotherapy. No difference was observed between patients previously treated with CMF-based or anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research