Objectives To evaluate cervical regeneration at 6 months following excisional treatment for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and to investigate the effect of cone dimensions, age of patients and technique of excision on the efficacy of the regeneration process. Design Prospective observational multicentric study. Setting Three tertiary care and research centres. Participants Among the 197 eligible women of childbearing age, older than 25 years of age, undergoing for the first time a loop electrosurgical excision procedure or carbon dioxide laser cervical excision for a high-grade CIN at the colposcopy-directed cervical punch biopsy, and with a final diagnosis of high-grade CIN, 165 completed the 6-month follow-up and were included in the analysis. Primary outcome measures The cervical length and volume regeneration (%) after 6 months from procedure were determined by three-dimensional ultrasound, and the correlation of regeneration with cone dimensions, age and excision technique was evaluated. Results The mean±SD cervical length regeneration at 6 months was 89.5%±6.3% and the mean±SD cervical volume regeneration was 86.3%±13.2%. At the multivariate analysis, a significant and independent inverse correlation between excised cone length and cervical regeneration emerged (r=-0.39, P<0.001). A significantly negative trend in length regeneration at 6 months from procedure with an increasing class of cone length was found (P<0.001). No significant association was found in relation with patient age at the time of procedure or with the technique of excision. Conclusions Cervical length regeneration at 6 months from excisional treatments is negatively affected by an increasing cone length but not from the age of the patient or the technique of excision. While still achieving equal clinical efficacy, it is crucial to contain cone dimensions, in order to favour a greater length regeneration, reducing the cervical harm and the potential future obstetric complications.
- 3d ultrasound
- cervical excision
- cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
- cervical regeneration
- Co2-laser excision
- loop electrosurgical excision procedure
ASJC Scopus subject areas