Effect of allogeneic intraoperative blood transfusion on survival in patients treated with radical cystectomy for nonmetastatic bladder cancer: Results from a single high-volume institution

Marco Moschini, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Paolo Capogrosso, Vito Cucchiara, Stefano Luzzago, Giorgio Gandaglia, Fabio Zattoni, Alberto Briganti, Rocco Damiano, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia, Renzo Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Previous studies have demonstrated that perioperative blood transfusion (BT) is associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer recurrence and mortality after radical cystectomy (RC). Recently, it was shown for the first time that intraoperative transfusion has a detrimental effect on cancer survival. The aim of the current study was to validate this finding in a single European institution. Patients and Methods The study focused on 1490 consecutive nonmetastatic bladder cancer patients treated with RC at a single tertiary care referral center between January 1990 and August 2013. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Cox regression analyses were used to assess the effect of timing of BT administration (no transfusion vs. intraoperative transfusion vs. postoperative transfusion vs. intraoperative and postoperative transfusion) on cancer-specific mortality (CSM), overall mortality (OM), and disease recurrence. Results Mean age at the time of RC was 67 years. Overall, 322 (21.6%) patients received intraoperative BT and 97 (6.5%) received postoperative BT. At a mean follow-up time of 125 months (median, 110 months), the 5- and 10-year CSM rate was 846 (58%) and 715 (48%), respectively. In multivariable analyses patients who received intraoperative BT had greater risk of disease recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 1.24; P .2). Conclusion Our study confirms that intraoperative, but not postoperative BT, are related to a detrimental effect on survival after RC. These results should be take into account by physicians to administer BT using the correct timing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-567
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Cancer specific mortality
  • Intraoperative transfusion
  • Radical cystectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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