Background: Although antianginal drugs are used over several months and through to years in stable angina, there is scant evidence regarding their influence on outcomes. The METRO (ManagEment of angina: a reTRospective cOhort) study sought to assess the independent effect of using these drugs on subsequent mortality risk in patients with stable angina. Methods: Consecutive patients with stable angina, receiving at least one antianginal drug (nitrates, β-adrenoceptor antagonists, calcium channel antagonists, trimetazidine, or nicorandil), were selected if they were discharged alive from an intensive care unit following a myocardial infarction (MI). Their case-record data were used in a multivariate logistic regression model to examine the independent association of antianginal drug use prior to the MI with predicted post-discharge, 6-month, all-cause mortality risk. Results: In 353 patients, of whom 287 (81.3%) were men, the mean (± SD) age was 55 (± 10.2) years and duration of treated stable angina was 27.2 (± 24.8) months. The odds ratios (95% CI) of 6-month, all-cause mortality after surviving an MI were: for treatment that included a β-adrenoceptor antagonist, 0.63 (0.26, 1.52; p = 0.309); a calcium channel antagonist, 0.76 (0.12, 2.89; p = 0.638); a nitrate, 0.52 (0.26, 1.05; p = 0.070); nicorandil, 0.62 (0.29, 1.33; p = 0.221); and trimetazidine, 0.36 (0.15, 0.86; p = 0.022). Conclusion: The inclusion of trimetazidine in the antianginal treatment of stable angina is independently associated with a significant reduction in mortality after surviving an MI. This suggests that combining a metabolic agent with drugs that modulate oxygen supply and demand, early in the management of stable angina, may confer a survival benefit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)