Effect of atenolol, metoprolol, and propranolol on isoproterenol-induced tremor and tachycardia in normal subjects

E. Perucca, H. Pickles, A. Richens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of single oral doses of atenolol (100 mg), metoprolol (100 mg), propranolol (40 mg), and placebo on exercise tachycardia and on heart rate and finger tremor responses to graded injections of isoproterenol was investigated in six normal subjects. Propranolol was more potent than atenolol and metoprolol in suppressing the increase in heart rate and tremor amplitude produced by isoproterenol, even though at the dose used it was the least effective of all three drugs in decreasing exercise tachycardia. Although these data are consistent with the hypothesis that the suppression of isoproterenol-induced tremor is mediated by antagonism of peripheral β2-adrenergic receptors, the possibility that a separate action other than β-blockade may contribute to the tremorolytic action of propranolol cannot be excluded. The potential usefulness of examining the effect of β-adrenoceptor blocking drugs on isoproterenol-induced tremor and tachycardia in cardioselectivity studies is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-433
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume29
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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