Critical limb ischemia (CLI), a vascular disease affecting lower limbs, with high morbidity and mortality, is becoming a challenge due to the aging of the population. Patients without direct revascularization options have the worst outcomes. To date, 25% to 40% of CLI patients are not candidates for surgical or endovascular approaches, facing a major amputation as the ultimate option. This study sought to assess the safety and efficacy of transplantation of autologous bone marrow concentrates in "no-option" patients to restore blood perfusion by collateral flow and limb salvage. We performed a nonrandomized, noncontrolled pilot study for no-option CLI patients using intra-arterial infusion of autologous bone marrow concentrate. Variation of blood perfusion parameters, evaluated by laser doppler flowmetry after 6 and 12 months, was set as primary endpoint. Thirteen enrolled patients showed improvements in objective measurements of perfusion. This uncontrolled study provided evidence that transplantation of autologous bone marrow concentrates was well tolerated by CLI patients without significant adverse effects, demonstrating improved perfusion, confirming the feasibility and safety of the procedure.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2013|
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