Effect of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine on wild-type and mutant neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors linked to nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy

Chiara Di Resta, Paola Ambrosi, Giulia Curia, Andrea Becchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carbamazepine (5H-dibenz[b,f]azepine-5-carboxamide) and oxcarbazepine (10,11-dihydro-10-oxo-5H-dibenz[b,f]azepine-5-carboxamide) are widely used for the treatment of partial epilepsy. Recent work indicates that these drugs, in addition to targeting voltage-gated Na + channels, can modulate ligand-gated channels. These compounds appear to be particularly effective for treatment of nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, which can be caused by mutant neuronal nicotinic receptors. We compared the effects of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine on heteromeric nicotinic receptors to better understand the underlying mechanism of the effect of these drugs in epileptic patients. Receptors were expressed in cell lines and studied by patch-clamp methods at -60mV. For α2β4 receptors activated with 100μM nicotine, IC 50 for carbamazepine was 49μM. Receptors in which α2 was substituted with α2-I279N, linked to autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, had an IC 50 of 21μM. For oxcarbazepine, the IC 50 was larger than 500μM for wild-type receptors and approximately 100μM for mutant receptors. A similar inhibition was observed in the presence of 10μM nicotine, indicating a non-competitive mechanism. The monohydroxy derivative (MHD) of oxcarbazepine, clinically the most relevant compound, was tested on both α2β4 and α4β2 receptors, to obtain a broader view of its possible physiological effects. At the typical concentration present in blood (100μM), MHD produced an approximate 40% channel block on α4β2, but no significant effect on α2β4 receptors. Oxcarbazepine and MHD retarded the channel deactivation, suggesting that these compounds produce open channel block. These results may explain the particular efficacy of these drugs in nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume643
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • α2β4
  • α4β2
  • ADNFLE
  • GP 47779
  • I279N
  • MHD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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