Effect of chronic clonidine administration on GH secretion in adult human subjects

A. Catania, M. Baldini, A. Orsatti, L. Airaghi, P. Gasparini, L. Cantalamessa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is well known that the acute administration of clonidine, an α 2-adrenergic agonist commonly used as an antihypertensive drug, stimulates GH secretion, likely via hypothalamic growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) release. Conversely, evidences of a hyperactivity of GHRH-GH-somatemedin C (SMC) axis during chronical administration of clonidine are controversial. In this study, GH and SMC levels have been evaluated in 16 hypertensive patients chronically treated with clonidine. The subjects were randomizcd te receive either TRH or saline with the aim of evaluating the non specific GH response tp TRH as compared to spontaneous fluctuations during a control test. In basal conditions, GH and SMC concentrations in clonidine treated patients were similar to those observed in an age and sex matched group of normal untreated subjects. An abnormal increase in plasma GH occurred in 5 out of the 10 patients who received TRH, while plasma GH did not show signifiant variations during testing in the subjects who received saline. It is suggested that chronical administration of clonidine does not induce an hyperactivity of GHRH-GH-SMC axis as estimated by plasma GH and SMC concentrations, but may induce a disorder in hypothalamic control of GH secretion, possibly implicated in the abnormal GH responsivity to TRH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-80
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental and Clinical Endocrinology
Volume97
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Keywords

  • clonidine
  • GH
  • GHRH
  • TRH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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