Effect of chronic olanzapine treatment on nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the rat brain

Francesco Angelucci, Luigi Aloe, Angela Iannitelli, S. H M Gruber, Aleksander A. Mathé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are proteins involved in neuronal survival, neurite outgrowth and synapse formation. Recent observations suggest that treatment with typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs affect NGF and BDNF levels in the rat brain. The atypical antipsychotic olanzapine has a low incidence of side effects, such as extrapyramidal and anticholinergic symptoms. Since NGF and BDNF are involved in the regulation of cholinergic, dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) we hypothesized that chronic olanzapine treatment will influence the distribution of NGF and BDNF in the rat brain. To test this hypothesis we administered olanzapine for 29 days in the drinking water at the doses of 3 and 15 mg/kg body weight and measured the levels of NGF and BDNF in the brain of Wistar rats. Olanzapine increased NGF in the hippocampus, occipital cortex and hypothalamus. In contrast, olanzapine decreased BDNF in the hippocampus and frontal cortex. Although the significance of these findings is not clear, a heuristic hypothesis is that olanzapine's clinical effects and a favorable side effect profile are in part mediated by neurotrophins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-317
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • BDNF
  • NGF
  • Olanzapine
  • Psychopharmacology
  • Rat brain
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychology(all)

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