Effect of combined αIFN and prostaglandin A1 treatment on vesicular stomatitis virus replication and heat shock protein synthesis in epithelial cells

F. Pica, A. Rossi, N. Santirocco, A. Palamara, E. Garaci, M. G. Santoro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The antiviral activity of prostaglandin A (PGA) and interferons (IFNs) has been widely described. In the present report, we investigated the effect of combined αIFN and PGA1 treatment on vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) replication and on heat shock protein (HSP) induction in monkey epithelial cells. In uninfected cells, PGA1 caused a dose-dependent induction of HSP70, HSP90 and HSP110, while αIFN did not affect HSP synthesis. Alpha-IFN suppressed VSV replication dose-dependently, even when cells were treated after virus infection. VSV protein synthesis was not affected by αIFN, indicating a block at the level of virus assembly or maturation. PGA1 caused a dose-dependent inhibition of VSV replication, and suppressed VSV protein synthesis at concentrations which induced the synthesis of high levels of HSP70. The combined treatment with low doses of αIFN or PGA1, which only moderately inhibited VSV replication when administered separately, was found to suppress VSV production by more than 95%, and resulted in a 3-fold increase of HSP70 synthesis as compared to PGA1 alone. These results demonstrate a co-operative effect of PGA1 and αIFN against VSV infection and suggest that αIFN can potentiate the cellular response to HSP induction in virus-infected cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-198
Number of pages12
JournalAntiviral Research
Volume29
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1996

Keywords

  • glycosylation
  • heat shock proteins
  • interferon
  • prostaglandins
  • vesicular stomatitis virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Pharmacology

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