Effect of cyclosporin A (CyA) on the in vitro growth of hemopoietic progenitors from normal marrow

F. Frassoni, A. Bacigalupo, G. Piaggio, M. Podestá, M. Repetto, A. M. Marmont

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Unfractionated normal bone marrow cells (NBM), adherent-cell-depleted NBM, and E-rosette-depleted NBM were plated in vitro for CFU-c or BFU-E formation at plateau concentrations of colony stimulating activity (CSA) or erythropoietin, untreated or after preincubation with cyclosporin A (CyA). At concentrations of 1000 or 2000 ng/ml, CyA enhanced CFU-c growth up to 137 ± 32% and 147 ± 31% of expected baseline growth respectively (p = 0.005 and 0.001). When CyA was added to NBM depleted of T cells by rosetting once with sheep red blood cells (SRBC) there was no CFU-c enhancement at CyA concentrations of 1000 ng/ml, but enhancement could be seen at 2000-5000 ng/ml. The enhancing effect of CyA was completely abolished, however, when the SRBC rosetting procedure was repeated twice (95 ± 37% of expected growth). On the other hand, removal of adherent cells was without effect on CFU-c enhancement mediated by CyA. The addition of CyA to NBM also enhanced the growth of BFU-E (256 ± 182% of expected growth) (p = 0.001). The results of this study suggest that CyA can increase the plating efficiency of NBM cells, possibly by inhibiting an endogenous, T-cell-mediated, suppressor mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1084-1088
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Transplantation


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