Effect of enzyme inducing anticonvulsants on ethosuximide pharmacokinetics in epileptic patients

M. Giaccone, A. Bartoli, G. Gatti, R. Marchiselli, F. Pisani, M. A. Latella, E. Perucca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

1. To assess the effect of enzyme inducing anticonvulsants on ethosuximide pharmacokinetics, plasma ethosuximide concentrations after a single oral dose (500 mg) of the drug were compared in 12 healthy control subjects and 10 epileptic patients receiving chronic therapy with phenobarbitone, phenytoin and/or carbamazepine. 2. Compared with controls, epileptic patients showed markedly shorter ethosuximide half-lives (29.0 ± 7.8 vs 53.7 ± 14.3 h, means ± s.d., P <0.001) and higher apparent oral clearance (CL/F) values (15.3 ± 3.8 vs 9.2 ± 1.9 ml kg-1 h-1, P <0.001). The apparent volume of distribution (V/F) of ethosuximide was slightly lower in the patients than in controls (0.6 ± 0.1 vs 0.7 ± 0.1 l kg-1, P <0.05). 3. These findings provide evidence that ethosuximide elimination is increased by enzyme inducing anticonvulsants, the effect probably being mediated by stimulation of cytochrome CYP3A activity. 4. The enhancement of ethosuximide clearance in patients comedicated with enzyme inducing anticonvulsants is likely to be clinically relevant. Higher ethosuximide dosages will be required to achieve therapeutic drug concentrations in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-579
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume41
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • carbamazepine
  • drug interaction
  • enzyme induction
  • ethosuximide
  • phenobarbitone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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    Giaccone, M., Bartoli, A., Gatti, G., Marchiselli, R., Pisani, F., Latella, M. A., & Perucca, E. (1996). Effect of enzyme inducing anticonvulsants on ethosuximide pharmacokinetics in epileptic patients. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 41(6), 575-579.