The neurochemical effects of a large dose challenge (5 mg/kg, i.p.) of d-fenfluramine (d-F) in rats, given saline or gradually escalating doses of d-F (0.1-2.5 mg/kg, i.p.), were examined with regard to regional sensitivity and the time-course of recovery. The indole-depleting effect after the large dose of d-F to saline-pretreated animals appeared to differ, depending on the areas of brain considered (cortex > hippocampus > striatum), despite the fact that the drug and its main metabolite, d-norfenfluramine (d-NF) distributed almost uniformly in the regions of brain examined. The depletion in all these regions of the brain was reversible within 6 weeks, serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) being back to control levels in the hippocampus and striatum but not 5-HT in the cortex. However, when rats were exposed to gradually escalating doses of d-F the recovery ofindoles in the brain, after injection of the large dose challenge, appeared to be faster. Indoles were markedly less reduced 1 week later in the cortex, hippocampus and striatum, with content of indole in the striatum showing complete recovery and the long-term depletion of 5-HT and 5-HIAA, by the subsequent large dose challenge was almost completely reversed in all regions. Analysis of the concentrations of d-F and its main metabolite d-fenfluramine (d-NF) in brain excluded any pharmacokinetic tolerance. These results suggest that during therapeutic treatment with d-F, the use of escalating doses may attenuate the potential for the long-lasting decrease of 5-HT in brain.
- brain monoamines
- escalating doses
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Drug Discovery