Effect of exercise training and myocardial infarction on force development and contractile kinetics in isolated canine myocardium

Benjamin D. Canan, Kaylan M. Haizlip, Ying Xu, Michelle M. Monasky, Nitisha Hiranandani, Nima Milani-Nejad, Kenneth D. Varian, Jessica L. Slabaugh, Eric J. Schultz, Vadim V. Fedorov, George E. Billman, Paul M L Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is well known that moderate exercise training elicits a small increase in ventricular mass (i.e., a physiological hypertrophy) that has many beneficial effects on overall cardiac health. It is also well known that, when a myocardial infarction damages part of the heart, the remaining myocardium remodels to compensate for the loss of viable functioning myocardium. The effects of exercise training, myocardial infarction (MI), and their interaction on the contractile performance of the myocardium itself remain largely to be determined. The present study investigated the contractile properties and kinetics of right ventricular myocardium isolated from sedentary and exercise trained (10-12 wk progressively increasing treadmill running, begun 4 wk after MI induction) dogs with and without a left ventricular myocardial infarction. Exercise training increased force development, whereas MI decreased force development that was not improved by exercise training. Contractile kinetics were significantly slower in the trained dogs, whereas this impact of training was less or no longer present after MI. Length-dependent activation, both evaluated on contractile force and kinetics, was similar in all four groups. The control exercisetrained group exhibited a more positive force-frequency relationship compared with the sedentary control group while both sedentary and trained post-MI dogs had a more negative relationship. Last, the impact of the β-adrenergic receptor agonist isoproterenol resulted in a similar increase in force and acceleration of contractile kinetics in all groups. Thus, exercise training increased developed force but slowed contractile kinetics in control (noninfarcted animals), actions that were attenuated or completely absent in post-MI dogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-824
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume120
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2016

Keywords

  • Contractility
  • Force-frequency relationship
  • Frank-Starling mechanism
  • Heart failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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