Effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on 24-hour gastric pH and duodenal gastric metaplasia

Vincenzo Savarino, Giuseppe Sandro Mela, Patrizia Zentilin, Maria Raffaella Mele, Giuliana Bisso, Monica Pivari, Carlo Mansi, Laura Tessieri, Gabriella Lapertosa, Paola Ceppa, Sergio Vigneri

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Abstract

Published data on the regression of the extent of duodenal gastric metaplasia (DGM) after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection and the normalization of the organism-induced alterations in gastric physiology are scanty and controversial. Therefore, we decided to assess the circadian pattern of gastric acidity and the degree of DGM before and one year after H. pylori eradication in a group of duodenal ulcer patients. Fifteen consecutive H. pylori-positive patients with endoscopically proven duodenal ulcer were recruited for this study. The diagnosis of H. pylori infection was based on CLO-test and histology, and DGM was assessed on four bulb biopsies taken before and one year after H. pylori eradication. At the same time, gastric pH was measured by 24-hr continuous intraluminal recording. H. pylori eradication was ascertained by means of concomitant negative CLO-test and histology performed both four weeks after the end of the eradicating treatment and at the one-year endoscopic control. After successful cure, all patients discontinued any antiulcer medication. The mean 24-hr gastric pH was 1.7 ± 0.4 before and 1.6 ± 0.4 after one year of H. pylori eradication (P = 0.75). DGM improved in three cases, worsened in four cases, and was unchanged in eight cases at the one-year control (P = 0.87). No correlation was found between 24-hr gastric pH and DGM (P = NS) both at baseline and one year after eradication. Our results show that neither circadian gastric acidity nor DGM change significantly one year after H. pylori eradication in duodenal ulcer patients. Thus, the disappearance of H. pylori infection does not determine any increase in gastric pH and any reversal of gastric-type epithelium in the duodenum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1315-1321
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Duodenal gastric metaplasia
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Gastric pH
  • H. pylori

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Savarino, V., Mela, G. S., Zentilin, P., Mele, M. R., Bisso, G., Pivari, M., Mansi, C., Tessieri, L., Lapertosa, G., Ceppa, P., & Vigneri, S. (2000). Effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on 24-hour gastric pH and duodenal gastric metaplasia. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 45(7), 1315-1321. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005595718050