Effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the natural history of ocular manifestations in HIV-infected children

S. Esposito, A. Porta, J. Bojanin, L. Gualtieri, L. Cesati, E. Vismara, Nicola Principi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the natural history of ocular manifestations in HIV-infected children. Methods: All of the HIV-infected children attending the Institute of Pediatrics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy, between 1982 and 2004 were studied. Every 3 months, they were physically examined and underwent indirect fundoscopy conducted by an experienced ophthalmologist; if diagnosed as having eye disease, they were evaluated by the ophthalmologist every week while on specific therapy and monthly thereafter. The clinical and laboratory findings before and after the introduction of HAART were compared. Results: The cohort consisted of 117 HIV-infected children (61 males), with a follow-up ranging from 0.09 to 22.31 years (median, 16.33 years). A total of nine cases of ocular involvement (7.7%) were diagnosed between 1983 and 1994, before the introduction of HAART. All nine children died 4-24 months (median, 15 months) after the diagnosis of ophthalmic disease. No case of ocular involvement was observed after the introduction of HAART (P=0.011 vsbefore HAART). Conclusion: The introduction of HAART has had a significant impact on the natural history of ocular manifestations in HIV-infected children, thus suggesting that a reduction in the frequency of ophthalmologic follow-up should be considered for HAART-treated HIV-infected children with immune reconstitution and no visual symptom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-597
Number of pages3
JournalEye (London, England)
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2006

Keywords

  • Children
  • CMV
  • HAART
  • HIV
  • Ocular manifestations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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