Effect of hypotonic 0.4% hyaluronic acid drops in dry eye patients: A cross-over study

Pasquale Troiano, Gaspare Monaco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of the study is to evaluate the short-term effects of 2 kinds of artificial tears, both containing 0.4% hyaluronic acid in an aqueous solution yet having different osmolarity, on the typical symptoms of patients suffering from dry eye and on the vitality of corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells. Methods: A cross-over, randomized, balanced, single-blind study involving 28 patients was divided into 2 treatment groups: group A (unpreserved 0.4% hyaluronic acid eye drops 300 mOsm/L) and group B (unpreserved 0.4% hyaluronic acid eye drops 150 mOsm/L). Both treatments were administered for 7 days, being dosed as a 1 solution drop 4 times daily. After a 1-day wash-out period, the patients in group A passed over to group B and vice versa. Results: Treatment with hypotonic solution gave better results in relieving symptoms, along with a statistically significant improvement (P <0.001) in the state of the corneoconjunctival epithelium, than the isotonic solution. At the end of the study, 60.7% of the patients declared that they preferred hypotonic solution and only 10.7% preferred isotonic solution; the remaining 28.6% did not notice any difference between the 2 treatments. Conclusions: By reducing the osmolarity of tear film, the hypotonic solution not only improves the characteristics of tear film and the vitality of the epithelial cells of the cornea and conjunctiva but also proves to be effective in reducing dry eye symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1126-1130
Number of pages5
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008


  • Dry eye
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Hypotonic solution
  • Tear hyperosmolarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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