Effect of injection sites of botulinum toxin for blepharospasm treatment

Statistical analysis

Emilio C. Campos, Roberto Bolzani, Costantino Schiavi, Rocco Liguori, Maria Elisa Scarale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A statistical analysis was performed on the possible influence of injection sites on botulinum toxin A (BAT) treatment of essential blepharospasm. For this purpose, two groups (a total of 60 patients) were evaluated. The first group was treated with three suprabrow injections and the second one with five lid injections. The amount of BAT was the same in the two groups. Clinical results of the two different techniques appeared to be superimposable. Potentially, lid injection may induce more side effects. This was not, however, noted in our study. This is the first comparative study on the role of injection sites for BAT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalNeuro-Ophthalmology
Volume22
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Blepharospasm
Botulinum Toxins
Injections
Therapeutics
Type A Botulinum Toxins

Keywords

  • Botulinum toxin
  • Essential benign blepharospasm
  • Focal dystonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Campos, E. C., Bolzani, R., Schiavi, C., Liguori, R., & Scarale, M. E. (1999). Effect of injection sites of botulinum toxin for blepharospasm treatment: Statistical analysis. Neuro-Ophthalmology, 22(1), 17-23.

Effect of injection sites of botulinum toxin for blepharospasm treatment : Statistical analysis. / Campos, Emilio C.; Bolzani, Roberto; Schiavi, Costantino; Liguori, Rocco; Scarale, Maria Elisa.

In: Neuro-Ophthalmology, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1999, p. 17-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Campos, EC, Bolzani, R, Schiavi, C, Liguori, R & Scarale, ME 1999, 'Effect of injection sites of botulinum toxin for blepharospasm treatment: Statistical analysis', Neuro-Ophthalmology, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 17-23.
Campos, Emilio C. ; Bolzani, Roberto ; Schiavi, Costantino ; Liguori, Rocco ; Scarale, Maria Elisa. / Effect of injection sites of botulinum toxin for blepharospasm treatment : Statistical analysis. In: Neuro-Ophthalmology. 1999 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 17-23.
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