Effect of intermediate ZrO2-CaO coatings deposited by cold thermal spraying on the titanium-porcelain bond in dental restorations

Emanuela Marcelli, Maria Laura Costantino, Tomaso Villa, Paola Bagnoli, Romano Zannoli, Ivan Corazza, Laura Cercenelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Statement of problem Metal ceramic systems are used for the majority of dental crowns and fixed dental prostheses. However, problems with porcelain bonding are encountered when titanium is used as the substrate

Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intermediate calcium oxide-stabilized zirconia (ZrO2-CaO) coatings deposited by cold thermal spraying on the titanium-porcelain bonding in dental restorations.

Material and methods Two different types of ZrO2-CaO coatings obtained by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition were applied on commercially pure titanium bars before adding the porcelain layer. Type 1 was obtained by directly spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder on the titanium substrate. Type 2 was obtained by spraying a bond coat of nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy before spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder. Three-point bend tests according to International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 were carried out to evaluate the debonding strength for the ZrO2-CaO-coated specimens (types 1 and 2) in comparison with a noncoated group (control), which received a traditional bonder-based adhesive technique. The results were compared with ANOVA, followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test for pairwise comparisons. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy were used to examine the interfacial properties and the failure mode of each group.

Results Mean (±standard deviation) debonding strength values for type 1 coating (25.97 ±2.53 MPa) and control (23.51 ±2.94 MPa) were near the acceptable lower limit of 25 MPa indicated by the International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 and were not significantly different (Student-Newman-Keuls test, P>.05). Type 2 coating produced an improved titanium-porcelain bonding (debonding strength=39.47 ±4.12 MPa), significantly higher than both type 1 (Student-Newman-Keuls test, P

Conclusions An intermediate coating layer of ZrO2-CaO plus a substrate of bonding nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy applied by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition provided an improved titanium-porcelain bond.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1201-1211
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Volume112
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

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Dental Porcelain
Titanium
Tooth
Hot Temperature
Molybdenum
Students
Nickel
Aluminum
Powders
Dental Bonding
Tooth Crown
Dental Prosthesis
Ceramics
Crowns
Adhesives
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Spectrum Analysis
Analysis of Variance
Metals
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

Effect of intermediate ZrO2-CaO coatings deposited by cold thermal spraying on the titanium-porcelain bond in dental restorations. / Marcelli, Emanuela; Costantino, Maria Laura; Villa, Tomaso; Bagnoli, Paola; Zannoli, Romano; Corazza, Ivan; Cercenelli, Laura.

In: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, Vol. 112, No. 5, 01.11.2014, p. 1201-1211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marcelli, Emanuela ; Costantino, Maria Laura ; Villa, Tomaso ; Bagnoli, Paola ; Zannoli, Romano ; Corazza, Ivan ; Cercenelli, Laura. / Effect of intermediate ZrO2-CaO coatings deposited by cold thermal spraying on the titanium-porcelain bond in dental restorations. In: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2014 ; Vol. 112, No. 5. pp. 1201-1211.
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abstract = "Statement of problem Metal ceramic systems are used for the majority of dental crowns and fixed dental prostheses. However, problems with porcelain bonding are encountered when titanium is used as the substratePurpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intermediate calcium oxide-stabilized zirconia (ZrO2-CaO) coatings deposited by cold thermal spraying on the titanium-porcelain bonding in dental restorations.Material and methods Two different types of ZrO2-CaO coatings obtained by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition were applied on commercially pure titanium bars before adding the porcelain layer. Type 1 was obtained by directly spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder on the titanium substrate. Type 2 was obtained by spraying a bond coat of nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy before spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder. Three-point bend tests according to International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 were carried out to evaluate the debonding strength for the ZrO2-CaO-coated specimens (types 1 and 2) in comparison with a noncoated group (control), which received a traditional bonder-based adhesive technique. The results were compared with ANOVA, followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test for pairwise comparisons. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy were used to examine the interfacial properties and the failure mode of each group.Results Mean (±standard deviation) debonding strength values for type 1 coating (25.97 ±2.53 MPa) and control (23.51 ±2.94 MPa) were near the acceptable lower limit of 25 MPa indicated by the International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 and were not significantly different (Student-Newman-Keuls test, P>.05). Type 2 coating produced an improved titanium-porcelain bonding (debonding strength=39.47 ±4.12 MPa), significantly higher than both type 1 (Student-Newman-Keuls test, PConclusions An intermediate coating layer of ZrO2-CaO plus a substrate of bonding nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy applied by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition provided an improved titanium-porcelain bond.",
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AU - Bagnoli, Paola

AU - Zannoli, Romano

AU - Corazza, Ivan

AU - Cercenelli, Laura

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N2 - Statement of problem Metal ceramic systems are used for the majority of dental crowns and fixed dental prostheses. However, problems with porcelain bonding are encountered when titanium is used as the substratePurpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intermediate calcium oxide-stabilized zirconia (ZrO2-CaO) coatings deposited by cold thermal spraying on the titanium-porcelain bonding in dental restorations.Material and methods Two different types of ZrO2-CaO coatings obtained by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition were applied on commercially pure titanium bars before adding the porcelain layer. Type 1 was obtained by directly spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder on the titanium substrate. Type 2 was obtained by spraying a bond coat of nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy before spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder. Three-point bend tests according to International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 were carried out to evaluate the debonding strength for the ZrO2-CaO-coated specimens (types 1 and 2) in comparison with a noncoated group (control), which received a traditional bonder-based adhesive technique. The results were compared with ANOVA, followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test for pairwise comparisons. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy were used to examine the interfacial properties and the failure mode of each group.Results Mean (±standard deviation) debonding strength values for type 1 coating (25.97 ±2.53 MPa) and control (23.51 ±2.94 MPa) were near the acceptable lower limit of 25 MPa indicated by the International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 and were not significantly different (Student-Newman-Keuls test, P>.05). Type 2 coating produced an improved titanium-porcelain bonding (debonding strength=39.47 ±4.12 MPa), significantly higher than both type 1 (Student-Newman-Keuls test, PConclusions An intermediate coating layer of ZrO2-CaO plus a substrate of bonding nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy applied by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition provided an improved titanium-porcelain bond.

AB - Statement of problem Metal ceramic systems are used for the majority of dental crowns and fixed dental prostheses. However, problems with porcelain bonding are encountered when titanium is used as the substratePurpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intermediate calcium oxide-stabilized zirconia (ZrO2-CaO) coatings deposited by cold thermal spraying on the titanium-porcelain bonding in dental restorations.Material and methods Two different types of ZrO2-CaO coatings obtained by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition were applied on commercially pure titanium bars before adding the porcelain layer. Type 1 was obtained by directly spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder on the titanium substrate. Type 2 was obtained by spraying a bond coat of nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy before spraying the ZrO2-CaO powder. Three-point bend tests according to International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 were carried out to evaluate the debonding strength for the ZrO2-CaO-coated specimens (types 1 and 2) in comparison with a noncoated group (control), which received a traditional bonder-based adhesive technique. The results were compared with ANOVA, followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test for pairwise comparisons. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy were used to examine the interfacial properties and the failure mode of each group.Results Mean (±standard deviation) debonding strength values for type 1 coating (25.97 ±2.53 MPa) and control (23.51 ±2.94 MPa) were near the acceptable lower limit of 25 MPa indicated by the International Organization of Standardization 9693-1:2012 and were not significantly different (Student-Newman-Keuls test, P>.05). Type 2 coating produced an improved titanium-porcelain bonding (debonding strength=39.47 ±4.12 MPa), significantly higher than both type 1 (Student-Newman-Keuls test, PConclusions An intermediate coating layer of ZrO2-CaO plus a substrate of bonding nickel-aluminum-molybdenum alloy applied by oxyacetylene cold thermal spraying deposition provided an improved titanium-porcelain bond.

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