Objectives: To evaluate the influence of inversion time (TI) on the precision of myocardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) quantification using synthetic inversion recovery (IR) imaging in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Fifty-three patients with suspected prior MI underwent 1.5-T cardiac MRI with conventional magnitude (MagIR) and phase-sensitive IR (PSIR) LGE imaging and T1 mapping at 15 min post-contrast. T1-based synthetic MagIR and PSIR images were calculated with a TI ranging from −100 to +150 ms at 5-ms intervals relative to the optimal TI (TI0). LGE was quantified using a five standard deviation (5SD) and full width at half-maximum (FWHM) thresholds. Measurements were compared using one-way analysis of variance. Results: The MagIRsy technique provided precise assessment of LGE area at TIs ≥ TI0, while precision was decreased below TI0. The LGE area showed significant differences at ≤ −25 ms compared to TI0 using 5SD (P < 0.001) and at ≤ −65 ms using the FWHM approach (P < 0.001). LGE measurements did not show significant difference over the analysed TI range in the PSIRsy images using either of the quantification methods. Conclusions: T1 map-based PSIRsy images provide precise quantification of MI independent of TI at the investigated time point post-contrast. MagIRsy-based MI quantification is precise at TI0 and at longer TIs while showing decreased precision at TI values below TI0. Key Points: • Synthetic IR imaging retrospectively generates LGE images at any theoretical TI • Synthetic IR imaging can simulate the effect of TI on LGE quantification • Fifteen minutes post-contrast MagIRsyaccurately quantifies infarcts from TI0to TI0 + 150 ms • Fifteen minutes post-contrast PSIRsyprovides precise infarct size independent of TI • Synthetic IR imaging has further advantages in reducing operator dependence.
- Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
- Late gadolinium enhancement
- Myocardial infarct
- Synthetic inversion recovery
- T1 mapping
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging