Effect of lacidipine on ischaemic and reperfused isolated rabbit hearts

Antonella Boraso, Anna Cargnoni, Laura Comini, Giuseppina Gaia, Palmira Bernocchi, Roberto Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lacidipine is a new developed dihydropyridine calcium-antagonist, showing a slow onset and long lasting-selective activity. To assess whether the administration of lacidipine protects the myocardium in a dose-dependent manner against ischaemia and reperfusion, isolated rabbit heart were infused with three different concentrations of lacidipine: 10-10; 10-9; 10-8 M. Diastolic and developed pressures were monitored; coronary effluent was collected and assayed for CPK activity and for noradrenaline concentration; mitochondria were harvested and assayed for respiratory activity, ATP production and calcium content and tissue concentration of ATP, creatine phosphate (CP) and calcium were determined. Occurrence of oxidative stress during ischaemia and reperfusion was also monitored in terms of tissue content and release of reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutatione. Treatment with lacidipine at 10-10 and 10-9 M had no effects on the hearts when perfused under aerobic condition, whilst the higher dose reduced developed pressure of 36%. The ischaemic-induced deterioration of mitochondrial function was attenuated. On reperfusion treated hearts recovered better than the untreated hearts with respect to left ventricular performance, replenishment of ATP and CP stores and mitochondrial function. The reperfusion-induced tissue and mitochondrial calcium overload, release of CPK and of noradrenaline and oxidative stress were also significantly reduced. The effects of lacidipine were dose-dependent. The lower concentration (10-10 M) failed to modify ischaemic and reperfusion damage. The dose of 10-9 M was cardioprotective, but the best effect was found at 10-8 M. It is concluded that lacidipine infusion provides a dose dependent protection of the heart against ischaemia and reperfusion. Because this protection occurred also at 10-9 M, in the absence of negative inotropic effect during normoxia and of a coronary dilatory effect during ischaemia, it cannot be attributed to an energy sparing effect or to improvement of oxygen delivery. From our data we can envisage two other major mechanism:-1) membrane protection-2) reduction of oxygen toxicity. The ATP sparing effect occurring at 10-8 M is likely to be responsable for the further protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-86
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume125
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993

Keywords

  • calcium antagonist
  • lacidipine
  • myocardial ischemia
  • reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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