Effect of maitotoxin on cytosolic Ca2+ levels and membrane potential in purified rat brain synaptosomes

Maurizio Taglialatela, Lorella M T Canzoniero, Alessandro Fatatis, Gianfranco Di Renzo, Takeshi Yasumoto, Lucio Annunziato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, the effects of the marine toxin maitotoxin on cytosolic Ca2+ levels and membrane potential in rat brain synaptosomes were evaluated. Maitotoxin (10 ng/ml) caused a remarkable increase of intrasynaptosomal Ca2+ levels monitored by the fluorescent probe fura-2. This increase was prevented by the removal of external Ca2+ ions. Tetrodotoxin, as well as the removal of extracellular Na+ ions, failed to affect maitotoxin-induced increase of intrasynaptosomal Ca2+ levels. Also the complete removal of all monovalent and divalent cations, except Ca2+ ions, from the incubation medium (0.32 M sucrose substitution), was unable to prevent the effect of maitotoxin on intrasynaptosomal Ca2+ levels. Maitotoxin (0.3-10 ng/ml), produced a dose-dependent depolarization of synaptosomal membranes, which required the presence of extracellular Ca2+ ions. The substitution of extracellular Na+ with choline or the removal of all cations from the incubation medium and their replacement with an isotonic concentration of sucrose (0.32 M), did not prevent the depolarizing effect exerted by maitotoxin. Also under these two ionic conditions, the effect of maitotoxin on membrane potential was critically dependent on the presence of 1 mM extracellular Ca2+. The depolarizing effect exerted by maitotoxin on synaptosomal membrane potential was also observed when extracellular Ca2+ ions were substituted with an equimolar concentration of Ba2+ or Sr2+ ions. In summary, these results appear to suggest that, in presence of 1 mM extracellular Ca2+ ions, maitotoxin depolarizes synaptosomal plasmamembrane by promoting the influx of extracellular Ca2+ ions. This enhanced influx of Ca2+ causes an increase of intrasynaptosomal Ca2+ levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-132
Number of pages7
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume1026
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 9 1990

Keywords

  • (Rat brain synaptosome)
  • Calcium ion channel
  • Calcium ion, cytosolic
  • Maitotoxin
  • Membrane potential
  • Voltage-operated Ca channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology

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