Effect of Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Healing of Standardized Bone Defects in the Alveolar Ridge: A Comparative Histomorphometric Study in Minipigs

Francesco Pieri, Enrico Lucarelli, Giuseppe Corinaldesi, Milena Fini, Nicolò Nicoli Aldini, Roberto Giardino, Davide Donati, Claudio Marchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effect of the combination of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) incorporated into a fluorohydroxyapatite (FHA) scaffold on bone regeneration in cylindrical defects in the edentulous mandibular ridge of minipigs. Materials and Methods: Two mandibular premolar teeth were extracted bilaterally in 8 adult minipigs. After 2 months, 4 standardized defects of 3.5 mm diameter and 8 mm depth were created in each root site. The defects were randomly grafted with autogenous mandibular bone, FHA alone, PRP-FHA, or MSCs-PRP-FHA. A resorbable collagen membrane was placed over the defect area and the flaps were sutured. The animals were sacrificed 3 months later and biopsy samples were taken from the defect sites for histologic and histomorphometric assessment. Results: There was no evidence of inflammation or adverse tissue reaction with either treatment. MSCs-PRP-FHA-treated sites showed new vital bone between residual grafting particles. PRP-FHA- and FHA-treated sites showed residual particles in a background of marrow soft tissue with a moderate quantity of newly formed bone. Autogenous bone (46.97%) and MSCs-PRP-FHA (45.28%) produced a significantly higher amount of vital bone than PRP-FHA (37.95%), or FHA alone (36.03%). Further, the MSCs-PRP-FHA-treated defects showed a significantly higher percentage of contact between graft particles and newly formed bone compared with PRP-FHA and FHA group (59.23% vs 48.37% and 46.43%, respectively). Conclusions: Our results suggest that, in this animal model, the addition of MSCs to PRP-FHA enhances bone formation after 3 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-272
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

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