To investigate the effect of metoclopramide (MET), a dopaminergic antagonist drug, on serum PRL concentration in maternal and cord blood (CB) serum, the drug was injected in 94 at term pregnant women whereas 28 mothers received saline. Maternal serum (MS) samples were obtained before MET injection and at the parturition time. According to the interval of time between MET administration and birth, MS specimens were grouped in 7 groups. CB was obtained from neonates whose mothers were injected with saline, group 0 and from newborns whose mothers were treated with MET, groups 1 to 7. In the 7 groups of women the mean PRL concentration before MET ranged between 307 and 439 ng/ml. After MET injection a significant increase has been observed in all groups with a minimum and maximal mean value of 639 and 931 ng/ml. The highest net increment of PRL has been measured ingroup 1 sampled at 5 to 30 minutes after MET. CB PRL concentration in group 0, saline treated, was not different from the values measured in group 1 to 7, treated groups, with a range between 504 and 703 ng/ml. These findings suggest that maternal lactotropes are still responsive to MET. On the opposite, fetal pituitary does not release PRL after MET injection probably because PRL secretory activity is maximal or because the dopaminergic receptors’ system is still immature.
- fetal hyperprolactinemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism