Effect of mexiletine on transitory depression of compound motor action potential in recessive myotonia congenita

Mauro Lo Monaco, Adele D'Amico, Marco Luigetti, Jean François Desaphy, Anna Modoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We aim to demonstrate the effect of mexiletine on the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude transitory depression (TD) in a cohort of patients with recessive myotonia congenita. Methods: We evaluated 21 patients with recessive myotonia congenita referred to our institute from 1990 to 2013 and treated with mexiletine chlorhydrate. All patients underwent prolonged 3. Hz repetitive nerve stimulation (3. Hz-PLRS) before and after the beginning of treatment. Results: We observed in all subjects a reduction of CMAP amplitude TD after the beginning of treatment. The mean value of the TD nadir before starting mexiletine treatment was -62.0% and reduced to -28.8% after the therapy was started (51.6% reduction, p<0.001). Conclusions: The 3. Hz-PLRS is configured as a neurophysiological test able to indirectly detect and quantify, through the measurement of TD, the clinical phenomenon of the transitory weakness that occurs in myotonic syndromes due to CLCN1 mutations. Significance: This neurophysiological test might be considered a helpful tool to assess the effect of anti-myotonic drugs, as mexiletine, in recessive myotonia congenita.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-403
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • Low-rate repetitive nerve stimulation
  • Mexiletine
  • Myotonia
  • Neurophysiology
  • Recessive myotonia
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems
  • Medicine(all)

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