Effect of microfragmented adipose tissue on osteoarthritic synovial macrophage factors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cell-based therapies using adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADMSCs) have shown promising results for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). In fact, ADMSCs are now indicated as one of the most powerful cell sources through their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory activities. Recently, an innovative one-step closed device was developed to obtain microfragmented adipose tissue (MF) to avoid the need for good manufacturing practices for ADMSCs expansion while maintaining their regenerative potential. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms of action of MF and ADMSCs from MF (MF-ADMSCs) on an inflammatory cell model of OA synoviocytes. We found that MF produced low levels of inflammatory factors such as interleukin 6 (IL-6), CC-chemokine ligand 5/receptor-activated normal T-cell expressed and secreted (CCL5/RANTES), CC-chemokine ligand 2/monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2/MCP-1), and CC-chemokine ligand 3/macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (CCL3/MIP-1α), and a higher level only of CXC-chemokine ligand 8/interleukin 8 compared with MF-ADMSCs. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) degradative factor but released a lower level of its inhibitor tissue inhibitor of the metalloproteinase (TIMP-1). MF in coculture with synoviocytes significantly induced both the metabolic activity and the release of IL-6. In contrast, MF, not MF-ADMSCs, partially decreased CCL5/RANTES. Moreover, MF reduced the release of both macrophage-specific chemokines (CCL2/MCP-1 and CCL3/MIP-1α) and degradative marker MMP-9. Interestingly, MF increased TIMP-1 (the MMP-9 inhibitor) and down-modulated toll-like receptor (TLR4) receptor and key molecules of NFκB pathways. These data evidenced different effects of MF versus MF-ADMSCs on inflamed synoviocytes. MF reduced typical macrophages markers and its potentiality by switching off macrophages activity was strictly dependent on TLR4 and NFκB signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5044-5055
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume234
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Sep 6 2018

Fingerprint

Adipose Tissue
Macrophages
CC Chemokines
Ligands
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1
Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
CCR5 Receptors
Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins
Chemokine CCL2
Osteoarthritis
Interleukin-6
T-Lymphocytes
CXC Chemokines
Toll-Like Receptor 4
Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
Toll-Like Receptors
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Coculture Techniques
Interleukin-8

Keywords

  • adipose mesenchymal stromal cells
  • inflammation
  • macrophage factors
  • microfragmented adipose tissue (MF)
  • osteoarthritis (OA)

Cite this

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title = "Effect of microfragmented adipose tissue on osteoarthritic synovial macrophage factors",
abstract = "Cell-based therapies using adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADMSCs) have shown promising results for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). In fact, ADMSCs are now indicated as one of the most powerful cell sources through their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory activities. Recently, an innovative one-step closed device was developed to obtain microfragmented adipose tissue (MF) to avoid the need for good manufacturing practices for ADMSCs expansion while maintaining their regenerative potential. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms of action of MF and ADMSCs from MF (MF-ADMSCs) on an inflammatory cell model of OA synoviocytes. We found that MF produced low levels of inflammatory factors such as interleukin 6 (IL-6), CC-chemokine ligand 5/receptor-activated normal T-cell expressed and secreted (CCL5/RANTES), CC-chemokine ligand 2/monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2/MCP-1), and CC-chemokine ligand 3/macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (CCL3/MIP-1α), and a higher level only of CXC-chemokine ligand 8/interleukin 8 compared with MF-ADMSCs. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) degradative factor but released a lower level of its inhibitor tissue inhibitor of the metalloproteinase (TIMP-1). MF in coculture with synoviocytes significantly induced both the metabolic activity and the release of IL-6. In contrast, MF, not MF-ADMSCs, partially decreased CCL5/RANTES. Moreover, MF reduced the release of both macrophage-specific chemokines (CCL2/MCP-1 and CCL3/MIP-1α) and degradative marker MMP-9. Interestingly, MF increased TIMP-1 (the MMP-9 inhibitor) and down-modulated toll-like receptor (TLR4) receptor and key molecules of NFκB pathways. These data evidenced different effects of MF versus MF-ADMSCs on inflamed synoviocytes. MF reduced typical macrophages markers and its potentiality by switching off macrophages activity was strictly dependent on TLR4 and NFκB signaling.",
keywords = "adipose mesenchymal stromal cells, inflammation, macrophage factors, microfragmented adipose tissue (MF), osteoarthritis (OA)",
author = "Francesca Paolella and Cristina Manferdini and Elena Gabusi and Laura Gambari and Giuseppe Filardo and Elizaveta Kon and Erminia Mariani and Gina Lisignoli",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
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T1 - Effect of microfragmented adipose tissue on osteoarthritic synovial macrophage factors

AU - Paolella, Francesca

AU - Manferdini, Cristina

AU - Gabusi, Elena

AU - Gambari, Laura

AU - Filardo, Giuseppe

AU - Kon, Elizaveta

AU - Mariani, Erminia

AU - Lisignoli, Gina

N1 - © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2018/9/6

Y1 - 2018/9/6

N2 - Cell-based therapies using adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADMSCs) have shown promising results for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). In fact, ADMSCs are now indicated as one of the most powerful cell sources through their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory activities. Recently, an innovative one-step closed device was developed to obtain microfragmented adipose tissue (MF) to avoid the need for good manufacturing practices for ADMSCs expansion while maintaining their regenerative potential. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms of action of MF and ADMSCs from MF (MF-ADMSCs) on an inflammatory cell model of OA synoviocytes. We found that MF produced low levels of inflammatory factors such as interleukin 6 (IL-6), CC-chemokine ligand 5/receptor-activated normal T-cell expressed and secreted (CCL5/RANTES), CC-chemokine ligand 2/monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2/MCP-1), and CC-chemokine ligand 3/macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (CCL3/MIP-1α), and a higher level only of CXC-chemokine ligand 8/interleukin 8 compared with MF-ADMSCs. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) degradative factor but released a lower level of its inhibitor tissue inhibitor of the metalloproteinase (TIMP-1). MF in coculture with synoviocytes significantly induced both the metabolic activity and the release of IL-6. In contrast, MF, not MF-ADMSCs, partially decreased CCL5/RANTES. Moreover, MF reduced the release of both macrophage-specific chemokines (CCL2/MCP-1 and CCL3/MIP-1α) and degradative marker MMP-9. Interestingly, MF increased TIMP-1 (the MMP-9 inhibitor) and down-modulated toll-like receptor (TLR4) receptor and key molecules of NFκB pathways. These data evidenced different effects of MF versus MF-ADMSCs on inflamed synoviocytes. MF reduced typical macrophages markers and its potentiality by switching off macrophages activity was strictly dependent on TLR4 and NFκB signaling.

AB - Cell-based therapies using adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADMSCs) have shown promising results for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). In fact, ADMSCs are now indicated as one of the most powerful cell sources through their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory activities. Recently, an innovative one-step closed device was developed to obtain microfragmented adipose tissue (MF) to avoid the need for good manufacturing practices for ADMSCs expansion while maintaining their regenerative potential. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms of action of MF and ADMSCs from MF (MF-ADMSCs) on an inflammatory cell model of OA synoviocytes. We found that MF produced low levels of inflammatory factors such as interleukin 6 (IL-6), CC-chemokine ligand 5/receptor-activated normal T-cell expressed and secreted (CCL5/RANTES), CC-chemokine ligand 2/monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2/MCP-1), and CC-chemokine ligand 3/macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (CCL3/MIP-1α), and a higher level only of CXC-chemokine ligand 8/interleukin 8 compared with MF-ADMSCs. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) degradative factor but released a lower level of its inhibitor tissue inhibitor of the metalloproteinase (TIMP-1). MF in coculture with synoviocytes significantly induced both the metabolic activity and the release of IL-6. In contrast, MF, not MF-ADMSCs, partially decreased CCL5/RANTES. Moreover, MF reduced the release of both macrophage-specific chemokines (CCL2/MCP-1 and CCL3/MIP-1α) and degradative marker MMP-9. Interestingly, MF increased TIMP-1 (the MMP-9 inhibitor) and down-modulated toll-like receptor (TLR4) receptor and key molecules of NFκB pathways. These data evidenced different effects of MF versus MF-ADMSCs on inflamed synoviocytes. MF reduced typical macrophages markers and its potentiality by switching off macrophages activity was strictly dependent on TLR4 and NFκB signaling.

KW - adipose mesenchymal stromal cells

KW - inflammation

KW - macrophage factors

KW - microfragmented adipose tissue (MF)

KW - osteoarthritis (OA)

U2 - 10.1002/jcp.27307

DO - 10.1002/jcp.27307

M3 - Article

C2 - 30187478

VL - 234

SP - 5044

EP - 5055

JO - Journal of Cellular Physiology

JF - Journal of Cellular Physiology

SN - 1097-4652

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