Effect of muscular strengthening with electrical stimulation on sit-to-stand motion in young and elderly persons

M. Galli, M. Crivellini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The ability to get up from a chair is an important component in maintaining independence for elderly persons and for individuals with disabilities. The main aim of this work is to investigate the effect of muscular strengthening on sit-to-stand (STS) movement to get round the muscular weakness that often occur in elderly people. The sit-to-stand movement of 18 young persons and 10 elderly healthy subjects were acquired before and after an electrical stimulation (ES) strengthening cycle. Experimental data collected by using an optoelectronic system (ELITE), an EMG telemetric equipment and a force platform were analyzed by using a biomechanical planar model. The rising strategies and hip knee and ankle joint torques in the two different groups were calculated before and after ES cycle. The results showed that before ES the subjects, both young and elderly, used a strategy characterized by a fully trunk flexion in order to minimize the knee joint torque. After ES cycle we observed a diminished trunk flexion subsequent to the lower limb muscular strengthening. These data give a biomechanical analysis of the importance of joint torques strengths and postural stability in STS task and should be used to study the risk of falls in elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
EditorsH.K. Chang, Y.T. Zhang
PublisherIEEE
Pages2738-2740
Number of pages3
Volume5
Publication statusPublished - 1998
EventProceedings of the 1998 20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Part 4 (of 6) - Hong Kong, China
Duration: Oct 29 1998Nov 1 1998

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1998 20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Part 4 (of 6)
CityHong Kong, China
Period10/29/9811/1/98

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Torque
Optoelectronic devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Galli, M., & Crivellini, M. (1998). Effect of muscular strengthening with electrical stimulation on sit-to-stand motion in young and elderly persons. In H. K. Chang, & Y. T. Zhang (Eds.), Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings (Vol. 5, pp. 2738-2740). IEEE.

Effect of muscular strengthening with electrical stimulation on sit-to-stand motion in young and elderly persons. / Galli, M.; Crivellini, M.

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. ed. / H.K. Chang; Y.T. Zhang. Vol. 5 IEEE, 1998. p. 2738-2740.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Galli, M & Crivellini, M 1998, Effect of muscular strengthening with electrical stimulation on sit-to-stand motion in young and elderly persons. in HK Chang & YT Zhang (eds), Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. vol. 5, IEEE, pp. 2738-2740, Proceedings of the 1998 20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Part 4 (of 6), Hong Kong, China, 10/29/98.
Galli M, Crivellini M. Effect of muscular strengthening with electrical stimulation on sit-to-stand motion in young and elderly persons. In Chang HK, Zhang YT, editors, Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. Vol. 5. IEEE. 1998. p. 2738-2740
Galli, M. ; Crivellini, M. / Effect of muscular strengthening with electrical stimulation on sit-to-stand motion in young and elderly persons. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. editor / H.K. Chang ; Y.T. Zhang. Vol. 5 IEEE, 1998. pp. 2738-2740
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