Thoracic electromaps were recorded before and after sublingual nitroglycerin (NG) in 26 subjects 15 and 30 days after acute myocardial infarction (MI), in order to evaluate the effect of the drug on injury potentials. Ten patients with documented left ventricular aneurysm were also studied 5 to 46 months after acute MI. Fifteen min after NG there was a significant decrease, compared with basal values, of ST segment elevations, blood pressure and rate-pressure and rate-pressure product on both the 15th and 30th days. The degree of ST potentials reduction was not strictly related to the decrease of myocardial oxygen consumption, as indicated by the rate-pressure product. The response to NG on the 15th day did not predict accurately the evolution of injury potentials. In fact there was no significant correlation between percentage reduction of ST after NG on the 15th and amplitudes of ST segment elevations present on the 30th day. In the patients with ventricular aneurysm, ST potential decrease and hemodynamic changes after NG were similar to those observed in the other groups studied. Our data suggest that it is not possible to differentiate between ST segment elevations associated with a dyssynergic area and those merely due to ischemic injury on the basis of NG sensitivity, and that ST segment elevations in the acute and subacute phase and long after MI have, at least in part, a similar electrophysiological significance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine