Effect of nutritional intervention on physical growth in children at risk of malnutrition

Paolo Fiore, Elio Castagnola, Rocco Merolla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This 4-month study evaluated the effects of oral nutritional supplementation and dietary counseling on the growth and nutritional status of an outpatient pediatric population at risk of malnutrition. A total of 174 subjects, aged 12 months to 10 years, received a daily nutritional supplement (Rinforza®) and nutritional counseling was provided to their parents. Almost all patients (97%) had dietary intake at baseline that was insufficient or slightly insufficient/not well balanced. Following 4 months of nutritional intervention, adequate intake was observed in 72% of patients. The percentage of subjects with weight-for-height below the 25th percentile decreased from 56% at baseline to 45% after 2 months and 42% after 4 months of nutritional intervention. These differences were statistically significant at 4 months (p=0.007) but not at 2 months. Similarly, the mean weight-for-height percentile for all subjects increased from 27.6 at baseline to 29.1 after 2 months (p=0.084) and 33.9 after 4 months (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-183
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Pediatrics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Child nutrition
  • Diet nutrition
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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