Effect of omiganan on colonic anastomosis healing in a rat model of peritonitis

Teresa Lorenzi, Maria Michela Cappelletti Trombettoni, Roberto Ghiselli, Francesca Paolinelli, Rosaria Gesuita, Oscar Cirioni, Mauro Provinciali, Wojciech Kamysz, Elzbieta Kamysz, Cristiano Piangatelli, Mario Castellucci, Mario Guerrieri, Manrico Morroni

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Abstract

Background: This study investigates the effects of the antimicrobial cationic peptide omiganan-alone and combined with the antibiotic imipenem-on colonic anastomosis healing in presence of intraperitoneal sepsis induced in a rodent model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Methods: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups of 8 animals. Group 1 (control group) underwent laparotomy and cecal mobilization and the next day received left colon anastomosis. In group 2 (CLP without treatment), group 3 (CLP + imipenem), group 4 (CLP + omiganan), and group 5 (CLP + omiganan + imipenem), the left colon anastomosis was performed the day after CLP. Imipenem and omiganan were administered by intraperitoneal injection immediately before anastomosis construction and subsequently at 24 h intervals until the 7th postoperative day, when rats were sacrificed. Anastomotic bursting pressure was measured in situ. Tissue samples were collected for determination of hydroxyproline content and histological characteristics. Results: Only rats receiving omiganan + imipenem displayed re-epithelialization, reduced neovascularization of granulation tissue, and a bursting pressure that was similar to that of controls. Omiganan-alone and combined with imipenem-was associated with a better control of inflammatory parameters than imipenem alone. In addition omiganan, like imipenem, counteracted the collagen depletion typical of sepsis. Conclusions: This experimental study demonstrates the efficacy of the new antimicrobial agent omiganan, alone and in combination with imipenem, in delaying the effects of intraperitoneal sepsis on colonic anastomosis healing and provides evidence of the value of omiganan as a therapeutic agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3374-3386
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Translational Research
Volume9
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Keywords

  • Bursting pressure
  • Colonic anastomosis
  • Hydroxyproline concentration
  • Omiganan
  • Rat model of peritonitis
  • Wound healing process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Lorenzi, T., Trombettoni, M. M. C., Ghiselli, R., Paolinelli, F., Gesuita, R., Cirioni, O., Provinciali, M., Kamysz, W., Kamysz, E., Piangatelli, C., Castellucci, M., Guerrieri, M., & Morroni, M. (2017). Effect of omiganan on colonic anastomosis healing in a rat model of peritonitis. American Journal of Translational Research, 9(7), 3374-3386.