Effect of one-month treatment with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on gastric pH of rheumatoid arthritis patients

Vincenzo Savarino, Giuseppe Sandro Mela, Patrizia Zentilin, Marco Amedeo Cimmino, Maria Parisi, Maria Raffaella Mele, Monica Pivari, Giuliana Bisso, Guido Celle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The use of NSAIDs is strongly associated with peptic ulceration. The inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis with the consequent increase of gastric acidity is considered a possible mechanism. Therefore we decided to assess the effect of one-month treatment with NSAIDs on the circadian gastric pH of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. We studied 11 consecutive patients (one man and 10 women, median age 55, range 26-72 years) with confirmed RA. None was H. pylori positive. A 24-hr gastric pH recording was performed both in basal conditions and after one-month treatment with either indomethacin 150 mg/day (eight cases) or ketoprofen 300 mg/day (three cases). Only the 10 female patients were eligible for final analysis, and six matched healthy subjects not taking NSAIDs were used as control group. The number of 24-hr pH readings for various pH thresholds was calculated for both populations. The highest acid levels (pH <3.0) did not differ between the two pH profiles of the control group (7440 vs 7391, P = Ns), while they predominated after the one-month NSAID treatment (10,339 vs 11,440, P <0.001) in RA patients. These findings show that there is an increased gastric acidity after one-month of treatment with NSAIDs in female patients with RA of recent onset. This may sustain the rationale of using antisecretory agents to prevent gastroduodenal ulcerations in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-463
Number of pages5
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Gastric acidity
  • NSAIDs
  • pH monitoring
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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    Savarino, V., Mela, G. S., Zentilin, P., Cimmino, M. A., Parisi, M., Mele, M. R., Pivari, M., Bisso, G., & Celle, G. (1998). Effect of one-month treatment with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on gastric pH of rheumatoid arthritis patients. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 43(3), 459-463. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018834301901